I have not found ethics core about art and design through this week material. Thus I search previous information to find the college art association states the standards and guidelines of ethic of discipline of art and design. These standards include six sections:
- Artists Code of Ethics
- Recommendations on the Safe Use of Materials and Equipment
- Recommended Use of Copyright Notice
- Employment of Studio Assistants
- Exhibition and Sale of Artwork
- Contracts for Public and Private Art Commission
Part III, IV and V are the sections I most interested in. Part III highlights the protection of the law to the original art pieces during process of creator and artists. For instant, the primary ideas and concept of artwork are unable to copyrighted. At the same time, all document including sketching, drawing, note taking, drawing are be the significant parties during the process of artwork created, which is be protect inside.
Part IV illustrates the main rules in contract about the assistant of studio. Due to the assistants are the directly to contact with the works and all documents, artists need to acknowledge how to protect their original thoughts and ideas.
Part V shows the duties between artists and museums in exhibition, which is the most important part for me. I studied curating in London before, and work in museums for almost to years in Beijing. I study in 3D modeling design and exhibits display which learn more skills to support my job for museum in future. Different museums have different rules in contract between artists and exhibition organizer. This part highlights the general duties in American, which is a great opportunist to understand the running of exhibition. For example, there are several aspect shown, duration and coverage, expenses, exhibition, commissions, sales and accounting and termination. These all above help me understand and respect the rules and protect the art pieces I created.
I have not ever experienced copyright issues before. Each time when I use the images in my presentation, essay and exhibition I will written down the name of the image and other details, as well as where I found the image in reference. If the image from the book I also will show the number of page. It is the reason that the writing tutor highlights the copyright issues, especially for students in our major previously. (I learn curating contemporary design in London, which is focus on the exhibition display and design) Most of exhibitions I designed are retrospective exhibition about artists and designers base on the universities. The audiences of exhibitions are students. Therefore, the aims of exhibitions are educational, not commercial. I know, this is the gray area. Even the reference part includes all the details of material show in the exhibition.
Through the material this week, I just realize that the library Website illustrate the details about copyright. For instance, the information and material available to allow used. This is very essential for me to prepare for my final project. In particular, in the game design, students from creative technology are professional in 3D modeling, animation, rendering and video editing. But for the background music, it is hardly for original composition. Hence, one of the solution is to find the sounds from website which is free to download and use. Through the reading material this week I understand the important of copyright in America.
Through previous 7 weeks reading and studying all the materials about plagiarism and ethics, there are several ideas appeared in my mind about the final project. As a MFA student I prefer to express the understanding and thoughts about this course through drawing. Due to the limit time I give up to display in 3D animation, I will show my concept in 2D drawing in a short story, almost like the comic book, which is easy to explain my image about final project. In other words, there are 10 to 15 pages in the comic book. But I have no idea about the name of the book. In this primary step, my design for the comic book is each page is coherence and illustrate the story basic my experience and the true life that my friends shared with me. All the stories are around the topic of plagiarism and ethics. Therefore I will demonstrate the personal opinion about ethics and show the effects when cheating and plagiarism happened in art and design discipline. All the materials I will draw in my comic book are basic on the real life. It is easily acceptable. I will also use color to highlight the theme of the book cause, in my experience, drawing with color are more attractive. At the same time, in my comic book, I will also think about the composition, frame, pace and narrative. All the previous elements will helps reader to understand twhat is the main purpose of my comic book.
Please let me know if you have any ideas and suggestions about my ideas of final project.
Austin Kleon sharing his experience of creating his first book Newspaper Blackout, which is a way to highlight the words based on the newspaper and hide the words he did not want to see under the maker line. After Austin posted his works online, individuals written message to him that he steal the ideas from someone others. Therefore, Austin does a huge research that want to find out the person who owns the original idea. Then Austin found almost 200 years ago, Cabel Whitford, the original idea holder, read the newspaper cross the column which inspiring the idea finding poetry in newspaper. I do not like the words “steal” even it is truth. Celebrities admit their outstanding and effective ideas are not original, and all the ideas are inspired by the thoughts before.
There is a great example which able to support my point. As shown on the two paintings are all named “ The Marriage of Virgin”. The left one created by Pietro Perugino(1446-1523). The right one is belonging Raffaello Sanzio(1483-1520), which is the architect of High Renaissance, also, Raffaello is the student of Pietro. No one denounced Raffaello copy Pietro’s idea about the imaginiation of the wedding cause Raffaello add something new to make the art piece looks different and better. One of the most important parts is Raffaello change the angle that makes the painting looks more wide and extended. It representative the understanding of perspective view in specific era. Besides, the composition of Raffaello’s work is vivid than his master’s. Audiences are not stand in a line, some one in front and others at the back with the nature posture. Thus, Raffaello’s work build on the idea of his master’s, but, at the same time, he combine with his own ideas, thoughts, point, technical and talent which make his art works more better than before. The inspiration always comes from predecessor and what the artist and designer need to do next, definitely not copy, is to represent and combine with personal understanding and style.
The article “Should A Monkey Own A Copyright” debates the owner of copyright of photo which Naruto take by himself and it is also remind me that animal also have the right to own a copyright. Actually, I saw the photo and news before, but the point I focus on how Naruto, the black macaque monkey, is, and the perfect composition, great shoot focusing, as well as the fabulous smile face. I never think about the question about the copyright. Definitely Naruto owner the copyright of this photo even the camera belonging photographer David Slater. Naruto click the shutter and face the lens smiling without pressure and cooperation. As general understand, Naruto unable to present his idea and opinion clarifies through language of humanity. But this is not a reason to deprive his right.
The material of citation is necessary to read and understand. As a MFA student, in most of part of our paper are basic the fact of history of art and design then support our own concept and idea. Therefore citation is the most important common use method in writing. But, it is the most difficult part to me. How to paraphrase the meaning I received from books clarify, in former sentient structure and without grammar mistake. I think it is also a big challenge for international student. There is a huge different between English and our mother language such as thinking and present ways, narrative and logic. Given the proof writing is essential and review the paper state the opinion accurately.