Imagine a child with a skin injury who walks into a drugstore to purchase a Band-aid containing cells that will heal the injury. Imagine a patient with a damaged liver not having to wait years for a transplant but having the organ regenerated from his own liver cells. Imagine being able to test the side effects of drugs on artificial tissue cultures in lieu of expensive animal testing and complex clinical trials. Such is the promise of the field of tissue engineering . Despite tremendous developments , the field requires high-throughput assays and instruments to reduce the cost, time, and complexity; novel biomaterials that support multiple cell types in defined spatial configurations; biochemical assays to monitor the interaction of cells with biomaterials and their environment; and predictive computational models for engineering functional tissues.
Link to original proposal: CTE
In the 21st century, we are increasingly vulnerable to disasters due to reliance on interconnected technologies and concentrations of people and power. Risk is the overarching theme that underlies our quest for resilience. One of the key reasons our risk continues to grow is the way we live. Concentrations of people, power, technology, education, and knowledge lower resilience. Dependency is another risk factor: every time we add a link, it generates a node that can fail. How do we define risk? How do we communicate risk? How do different people perceive risk? How do we mitigate risk? The solution is to adopt trans-disciplinary thinking and action, including common experience, language, perspective, and objectives.
Link to original proposal: Disaster Risk Management (DRM)
The research paradigm exemplified by the Human Genome Project requires a new academic training paradigm, one that creates team-oriented researchers who may be specialists in one area but who are literate in several other disciplines. For example, researchers with expertise in the mathematical, statistical, or computer sciences also require sufficient knowledge in biology to understand the questions in order to develop appropriate analytical methods and computer tools. Similarly, life scientists need sufficient grounding in mathematics, statistics and computer science to be educated users of these quantitative methods and tools, and to conceptualize new tools.
Human Centered Design (HCD) is an emerging design philosophy charged with understanding the processes and methodologies in which the needs, wants, and limitations of end-users are integrated at every stage of the design process. HCD can be characterized as a multi-stage process of problem definition and solution that not only requires designers to analyze and foresee how users are likely to use a product, but also to test the validity of their assumptions with regards to user behavior in real world tests with actual users. HCD creates novel learning and discovery opportunities that are needed to train the future professoriate, workforce, and professional / civic leaders. HCD, however, can only be taught in a true interdisciplinary educational environment in which coursework and research embrace diversity, inclusiveness, educational breadth, and interdependence, while promoting a person-oriented, rather than a product-oriented, attitude towards education.
Link to original proposal: Human Centered Design
The overarching goal of the IGC IGEP Program is to provide doctoral students with a unique interdisciplinary perspective and skill set that will enable them to tackle complex problems at the interfaces of global change. Specifically, the program will:
- Create a learning community of scholars with a deep and holistic understanding of how the major global threats can interact to influence the environment and society.
- Foster an environment where students learn the “languages” of scholars in different fields, breaking down traditional disciplinary borders to facilitate interdisciplinary collaboration.
- Inspire young scientists to consider how their research, both the questions they pursue and the scientific approaches they utilize, may influence public policy and society.
- Create an environment where young ecologists, social scientists, and engineers interact closely and learn how to effectively communicate their scientific findings with one another and to decision-making.
Macromolecular Science and Engineering (MACR)
The Macromolecular Science and Engineering graduate degree (MACR) is an interdisciplinary program at Virginia Tech beginning Fall semester, 2001. This is a university-based degree program spanning multiple departments and colleges to emphasize fundamental and emerging technological areas in the field of macromolecular science and engineering. The interdisciplinary curriculum is comprised of a core requirement and modular approach to coursework. A key feature of this modular approach is the flexible integration of cutting-edge research with graduate training.
The BIOTRANS IGEP (formerly MultiSTEPS) aims to prepare future leaders of industrial and academic research to think, collaborate, and solve problems at the intersection of the engineering and biological sciences. The program is based on a systematic process of increasingly interdisciplinary coursework, student interaction, community development, and cross-disciplinary research experience and will include strong ethics and professional development components. Key components of this program include an interactive seminar series; cross disciplinary education, including both new and existing courses; exposure to research on an international level; and a collaborative grant proposal competition. The goal of BIOTRANS is to establish a sustainable framework of interdisciplinary education and research that trains future leaders of academic and industrial research to think, collaborate, and contribute at the intersection of the biological and engineering sciences.
Link to original proposal: MultiSTEPS
Regenerative medicine (RM) is a new medical approach that seeks to restore both structure and function of tissues lost to injury, disease or congenital defects. This field incorporates use of stem cells, proteins that stimulate healing, and engineered biomaterials to help cure diseases from diabetes to osteoarthritis. Regenerative strategies are modeled on mechanisms drawn from embryonic development and naturally-occurring examples of regeneration. This field represents a paradigm shift in biology, medicine and biomedical engineering. Ethical and societal impacts need to be considered as this rapidly expanding technology is developed.
Link to original proposal: Regenerative Medicine
We seek to build on extant strengths to become the only interdisciplinary remote sensing program in the nation that incorporates all aspects of remote sensing, including engineering, theory, data analysis, applications, and policy. Remote sensing provides technical and methodological approaches to holistically study human activities that have an impact on the Earth’s sometimes poorly understood physical processes. Remote sensing can be defined as the acquisition of information about an object without making physical contact with it.
Link to original proposal: Remote Sensing
The primary research goal of the SuN IGEP is to facilitate the incorporation of sustainable design concepts in the nanotechnology field. The sustainability of a particular technology is often an afterthought in the design process; however, because nanotechnology is still in its infancy there is significant potential to proactively direct the field towards sustainable design. Achievement of this ambitious goal will require substantial longterm effort and a range of expertise that incorporates not only scientists and engineers, but also economists and social scientists.
Link to original proposal: VT SuN
Obesity is one of the most complex public health problems facing the nation and world today. More than a third of Americans and over one billion people worldwide are obese. Significant progress has been made in basic science discoveries related to the regulation of energy balance and in identifying efficacious lifestyle and pharmacologic approaches to manage obesity under tightly controlled conditions in primarily academic healthcare settings. However, there is little information available regarding the clinical relevance of many basic science discoveries or in the translation of promising clinical interventions to evidenced‐based practice.
Human health and prosperity depend on nutrition and energy derived from plants, but the world’s rising population and dwindling resources place ever-increasing pressure on our agricultural systems (highlighted in a recent focus issue of Science on Food Security, 12 Feb 2010). New experimental tools have revolutionized our ability to understand how plants grow and respond to environmental challenges (e.g., pathogen invasion, highlighted in a recent focus issue of Science on Plant-Microbe Interactions, 8 May 2009). However, we now face the challenge of translating this basic understanding into practical benefits.
Link to original proposal: IGEP_Translational_Plant_Science
This interdisciplinary faculty group is united by a central focus of “Water for Health”, spanning from “pipes to people”. Clean water is a common topic discussed in many classrooms and research laboratories around this campus. Yet, the complexity of societal issues related to water shortages, purity, and quality, which influence water consumption and its role in human health, highlights the need for increased interdisciplinary dialogue and problem-solving capabilities. This Interdisciplinary Graduate Education Program (IGEP) unites graduate students and faculty in addressing technical and societal challenges of transforming low-quality water resources into clean water for healthy living.
Link to original proposal: 2010 IGEP Water INTERface Final