Critical pedagogy is a philosophy of education and social movement that developed and applied concepts from critical theory and related traditions to the field of education and the study of culture. Basically, the teacher works to lead students to question ideologies and practices considered oppressive, and encourage liberatory collective and individual responses to the actual conditions of their own lives.
Critical pedagogy is a philosophy of education that views teaching as a political act. This philosophy focuses on issues of inequality such as social class, race or gender. At the heart of critical pedagogy is the idea that individuals can, in their own ways, transform the world into a better place. Freire believes that love is an important part of human existence and the human relationship with the world. He stated hat the naming of the world was possible because it was infused in love. Love was the foundation in which education and human liberation are based. Feire also believes that love is important in transforming a society and education as to be at the fore front of that drive. The significance of love in education has been be discussed by many educators from different civilizations. However, love in education and how to apply love to education in the day to day practice cant be overstated. Paulo Freire stated that it is “impossible to teach without the courage to love, without the courage to try a thousand times before giving in neither is it possible to teach without a forged, invested and well thought out capacity to love”
Advocates of critical pedagogy believe that a language classroom is not free of ideology. Education systems, as well as teachers to some degree, decide the content of a particular subject or course. ‘For example, the process of selecting reading texts does not take place without a reason. It is motivated by political ideologies and worldviews.In an English language classroom, teachers can either reinforce or challenge a particular ideology and worldview. Teachers should be aware of their biases and allow learners to express their views freely on a particular topic, even if the teachers disagree with those views.What can teachers do to give students a voice? Teachers can and should encourage learners to relate reading texts to their life experience. Teachers can have learners present their ‘story’ to the class and share it in small groups. When learners read a particular text, teachers can prompt discussions on racism, sexism and other forms of discrimination.Teachers can also plan activities that encourage learners to express their views on a particular topic. For example, rather than having reading comprehension questions that require learners to find information from a reading text, teachers should include opinion-based questions’.