Open access is a movement that started in the early 2000s and seeks to make research available online and free for everyone. It is positive because it makes available research that would otherwise not be accessible to most universities and people. There are several forms of open access, including gold and platinum. Gold open access eliminates the payment of fees to readers and libraries and charges fees to authors. Platinum open access aims to eliminate fees to readers and authors and, instead, publication costs are covered by external agencies. The payment structure of gold open access journals has allowed that many private companies owning journals become a millionaire business.
To show an example of a platinum open access journal I chose the journal Human-Wildlife Interactions (HWI) because, besides being an open access journal, I submitted a paper that was accepted for publication. This journal publishes all the accepted manuscripts on DigitalCommongs@USU website, which is a repository from Utah State University with the aim to provide access to research. The HWI journal is the only scientific journal that publishes topics related to professional management of human-wildlife conflicts. This journal is subscribed to The Berryman Institute, which is based in the Department of Wildland Resources at Utah State University.
According to HWI homepage, the purpose and scope of the journal is to “serve the professional needs of the wildlife biologist and manager in the arena of human-wildlife conflicts/interactions, wildlife damage management, and contemporary wildlife management.” The goal of the journal is to publish original contributions with an emphasis in reporting innovative conservation strategies, technologies, and tools that help mitigate human-wildlife conflicts; and finally, to promote a dialogue among wildlife professionals. This journal does not provide an explanation of what open access is, but in its policies, specifically where we find information about the use that authors are permitted to do without express permission from the magazine, we can find information about open access. The operational costs of this journal seem to be covered by the host Department.