Tag Archive for reform

Life Under Stalin: Childhood or Cult?

“The slogan “Thanks to Comrade Stalin for our happy childhood” rang without irony for children who were cared for, believed in the society that cared for them, and accepted its structures of authority.” (Childhood Under Stalin)  Stalin worked hard to create the impression that he was a benevolent and caring ruler both domestically and abroad. […]

13 Days Difference

On February 14th, 1918, Soviet leadership reconstituted an entity greater than politics or economics or society- they altered time. The Council of People’s Commissars, or Sovnarkom, was the governing body that made this decision to switch from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar … Continue reading

New Economic Policy

On November 7th, 1917, Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik party takeover in Russia, thus starting the creation of the socialist state. Vladimir Lenin aimed at creating a Marxist communist utopia. Lenin promised liberation of oppressed workers and peasants, equality, advancement, … Continue reading

Образование масс

With the revolution in February, the socialist youth movement emerged out of young workers throughout Russia. They pushed for more education opportunities and education for everyone. This youth movement join with the Bolsheviks Party and they helped to create policies … Continue reading

Serf’s Up!

The serfs were Russia’s primary agricultural laborers up to the mid-19th century.  However, Russia’s defeat in the Crimean War brought to light the need for societal reform, and the issue of serfs was a hotbed of political debate.  The reformists wanted serfs to be liberated (although to what extent was also debated at length), while […]

A Game of Kings and Peasants

Despite the Russian Empire’s rapid entry onto the world stage after Peter the Great’s program of westernization in the early 18th century, it began to lag far behind countries like the United Kingdom, Germany, and the United States during the … Continue reading

Emancipation Declination

After suffering defeat in the Crimean War, late Imperial Russia underwent many reforms in an effort to reestablish national confidence and internal stability.  Some of these reforms included changes to the judicial and educational system as well as installing zemstvo- an elected … Continue reading