Litigating academic freedom in courts

Perhaps Brown v Board of education is the epitome of the efforts made by activists to bring equality and freedom to academic institutions when the internal self-regulatory powers of academia fails to address a critical issue. The now famous case 1954 case brought to the US Supreme court was decided unanimously against state laws enforcing segregation of students at all levels of public education. The rest is history.  What should be our judgment on a society of professionals (in this case, intellectuals, teachers, professors , the young students and in general some of the brightest) that can not bring change to itself. Can progress always be forced upon it  ? What do you think ?