Bloody Sunday marked the beginning of the end for the autocracy that ruled Russia. This pimple on the face of history marked the beginning of the 1905 Russian Revolution that was to take place immediately after the events on that Sunday in January of 1905. The procession of workmen who were marching towards the Winter Palace in Petrograd  were unarmed and only wanted to ask the Czar for more food, specifically bread, but were only met with rifles and bullets. The strike was actually scheduled ahead of time and the Russian army knew that they were coming. The police in Petrograd told Father George Gapon, the leader of the movement, bloody_sunday_-_russia_-_1905  that the most they would be charge with was breach of the peace. So there was no indication that the army was going to open fire at first sight. However the army saw the workmen coming and did not hesitate to fire. The ironic thing is that at the front of the procession the men were carrying a picture of the Czar to symbolize their wanting of peace throughout this strike.

I guess nothing was going to stop these “soldiers” from firing on unarmed civilians. “Even the police, it seems believed that the military would not fire, for at the first shots one of them shouted, ‘ What are you doing? How dare you fire upon the portrait of the Czar!’ but this had no effect and both he and the other officer were both killed,” (Hero of “Bloody Sunday”). Once the shooting began the procession scattered and history was made. However who’s is really to blame here for this atrocity. Clearly the Czar is responsible for his armies actions however did he give the order to shoot on site or was it the officer in charge of that unit who, idiotically ordered his men to fire. An article from the London Times reported in October of 1905 that Russian barristers (lawyers) actually found the military authorities in charge on that day guilty of the actions that took place and not the Czar himself. I completely agree with the barristers decision to accuse the military leaders because in the end the officer in charge had the final say.

 

Sources:

Picture Titled – Russian Revolution 1905

picture source- http://robertgraham.wordpress.com/russian-revolution-1905/

Permanent Records:

1. Gapon, the hero of “bloody sunday”. (1906, Feb 18). New York Times (1857-1922). Retrieved from http://ezproxy.lib.vt.edu:8080/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/96601455?accountid=14826

2. From The, L. T. (1905, Oct 13). BLAME FOR “BLOODY SUNDAY.”. New York Times (1857-1922). Retrieved from http://ezproxy.lib.vt.edu:8080/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/96534550?accountid=14826