Russia is a massive country, with a majority of its population concentrated to the west of the Ural Mountain range. The United States can fit side by side two times and then some. This made it very difficult for industrialization and reform to take place in all parts of the country. The picture to the left shows the village of Kolchedan. It was a small frontier town that was founded in 1673. This photo was taken in 1912 by Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii, photographer of Nicholas II, Tsar of Russia at the time. As you can see in this photo it looks more like a town you would see if you looked up towns from the 18th century. However due to its location in the Ural Mountains that separate Europe from Asia, not a lot of foot traffic came through (before the railroads reached these parts of Russia), which severely hindered this towns ability to adapt to the industrialization that was occurring to the west in the much larger cities and towns of western Russia. When this photo was taken the town had one main industry, a sandstone mine. Other than the mine this town hosted two stone churches, you can see both in the left hand corner, and a school.
Industrialization was key to Russia surviving the new century. The Urals provide a good resource for iron, copper, coal and oil. However due to the unorganized process that was the Russian Industrialization process, some towns such as Kolchedan did not receive the same amount of attention as towns located west of the Urals. However once the rail systems reached the Ural mountains and discovered its abundance in resources it became one the most industrialized places in Russia, and played a key part in The Great Patriotic War between Nazi Germany and the USSR. The industrialization process may have been slow and unorganized at first but they became one of the best during the middle part of the century which helped the Allies win the Second World War.
This image titled: The Village of Kolchedan 1912
It was created by: Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii 1863-1944, photographer.
The Permament record here: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/empire/architecture.html