In 1946, new rules were added to the Russian school system for both the students and the teachers, including strict punishments for little things such as taking a longer lunch break than given. Being perfectly behaved children was now a high expectation of the state. All of the children throughout the state follow the same curriculum from 1st-10th grade, minus military preparation which split up the sexes. The only thing that students could choose for themselves was in foreign languages, but not every school had more than one option. Russian language was a requirement for everyone. The school days are also different there, there are 213 days in a school year and the school week is six days a week. This shows how important and intense education had become to the Soviet state. This document made it a point to add that Soviet children had more advanced studies in math and science, gaining more experience in higher fields than American children. The amount of hours every week spent studying each subject varies in their curriculum, with the Russian language taking up the most amount of hours in a given week. The second highest amount of hours in a subject is math, and then third is tied with history, foreign language, and physical culture.
There are several new rules put in place for the students that include:
1. Sit erect during the lesson period, no leaning on elbows or slouching.
2. Rise as the teacher or direct enter or leaves the classroom.
3. Greet teachers and directors on the street with a polite bow.
4. To be courteous and considerate towards children, the aged, the weak, and the sick, to give them the seat on the trolley or the right of way on the street, to help them in every way.
5. To obey his parents and help care for his/her little brothers and sisters.
If any of these rules were violated, students were subject to punishment and possible expulsion. I find it very interesting that students also had school rules to follow outside of school when they were in town or at home. I wonder how they would be discovered disobeying the rules when they were outside of school, were people always watching or did their parents actually tell on them when they could possibly be expelled for it?
Geldern, James von. “1947: The New Curriculum” Seventeen Moments of Soviet History, assessed October 19, 2014. http://soviethistory.macalester.edu/index.php?page=subject&SubjectID=1947school&Year=1947
George S. Counts, The Challenge of Soviet Education (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1957), pp. 74-75.
George S. Counts, The Challenge of Soviet Education (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1957), pp. 76-77