Within the last two weeks, I have had the pleasure of interacting with multiple groupings of individuals who have or will participate in the Preparing the Future Professoriate: Global Perspectives program. The initial meeting of the 2012 Global Perspectives group was held and we began the process of preparing for our May visit. The PFP Chile ’12 group met to debrief and reflect upon our January visit to Chile. The weekly Global Perspectives lunch gathering was held and I was able to attend. And most recently, I shared the draft itinerary with my colleagues who will participate in the first ever Global Perspectives program for graduate deans this July. The pervasive sentiment across these groups is genuine excitement about learning more about the global academic world and reflecting about the significant impact upon one’s professional and personal lives. The global perspectives program is one of the many ways through which we can and will transform graduate education.
Some helpful bits and bobs…
By FROMMER’S via The New York Times
Business Hours – Banks are open Monday through Friday from 9am to 2pm, and are closed on Saturday and Sunday. Many commercial offices close for a long lunch hour, which can vary from business to business. Generally, hours are Monday through Friday from 10am to 7pm, closing for lunch around 1 or 1:30pm and reopening at 2:30 or 3pm.
Drinking Laws – The legal age for purchase and consumption of alcoholic beverages is 18; alcohol is sold every day of the year, with the exception of general elections.
Electricity – Chile‘s electricity standard is 220 volts/50Hz. Electrical sockets have two openings for tubular pins, not flat prongs; adapters are available from most travel stores. Always bring a connection kit of the right power and phone adapters, a spare phone cord, and a spare Ethernet network cable — or find out whether your hotel supplies them to guests.
Embassies & Consulates – The only U.S. representative in Chile is the U.S. Embassy in Santiago, located at Av. Andrés Bello 2800 (tel. 2/232-2600; www.usembassy.cl). The Canadian Embassy is at Nuevo Tajamar 481, 12th floor (tel. 2/362-9660; www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/chile). The British Embassy can be found at El Bosque Norte 0125 (tel. 2/370-4100; www.britemb.cl). The Australian Embassy is at Isidora Goyenechea 3621 (tel. 2/550-3500; www.chile.embassy.gov.au). The New Zealand Embassy is at Av. Golf 99, no. 703 (tel. 2/290-9800; www.nzembassy.com/chile).
Emergencies – You’ll want to contact the staff if something happens to you in your hotel. Otherwise, for a police emergency, call tel. 133. For fire, call tel. 132. To call an ambulance, dial tel. 131.
Gasoline (Petrol) – At press time, in Chile, the cost of gasoline was $1.17 (78p) per liter. Taxes are already included in the printed price. One U.S. gallon equals 3.8 liters or .85 imperial gallons.
Language – Spanish is the official language of Chile. Many Chileans in the tourism industry and in major cities speak basic English, but don’t count on it. Try to learn even a dozen basic Spanish phrases before arriving; Frommer’s Spanish PhraseFinder & Dictionary will facilitate your trip tremendously.
Lost & Found – Be sure to tell all of your credit card companies the minute you discover your wallet has been lost or stolen, and file a report at the nearest police precinct. Your credit card company or insurer may require a police report number or record of the loss. Most credit card companies have an emergency toll-free number to call if your card is lost or stolen; they may be able to wire you a cash advance immediately or deliver an emergency credit card in a day or two.
If you need emergency cash over the weekend when all banks and American Express offices are closed, you can have money wired to you via Western Union (tel. 800/325-6000; www.westernunion.com).
Mail – The postal service, called Correos de Chile (tel. 800/267736 or 2/956-0200; www.correosdechile.cl), is very reliable and offers regular and certified mail. Prices for a letter under 20 grams are, respectively, 400 pesos and 925 pesos (70¢/50p and $1.60/£1.05). For express mail services, try FedEx (www.fedex.cl) or DHL (www.dhl.cl), both of which have several locations in Santiago and around Chile.
Newspapers & Magazines – The major dailies are the conservative El Mercurio and the more moderate La Tercera, and the left-leaning La Nación. The newspaper La Segunda is an afternoon paper with scant news and screaming headlines; La Cuarta is a sensationalistic rag but a lot of fun to read if you know anything about Chilean politics or celebrities. Another fun read is The Clinic, a satirical weekly named for the London hospital where Pinochet was arrested. You’ll find 2-day-old editions of the New York Times and North American and European magazines at one of two kiosks in downtown. Both are located on the pedestrian walkway Ahumada (Metro: Univ. de Chile) on the right-hand side when heading up from Avenida Alameda: One is a half-block from Avenida Alameda (this kiosk has cheaper prices), and the other is at Húerfanos. Most kiosks around Santiago sell English editions of Time and Newsweek, and The Economist.
Smoking – Traditionally laissez faire when it comes to smoking regulations, in 2006, Chile introduced stringent new laws requiring restaurants to provide designated nonsmoking areas and a prohibition of cigarette sales within 300 feet of schools. It is not unusual for Chileans to light up between courses and a lack of social etiquette toward nonsmokers certainly still prevails. Most upscale and boutique hotels don’t allow smoking.
Time – Chile is 4 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) from the first Sunday in October until the second Sunday in March; the country is 6 hours behind during the rest of the year. An easy way to remember the time zone switch is that from mid-March to mid-October, Chile is in the same time zone as the eastern U.S. or 5 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time; from mid-October to mid-March, Chile is 2 hours ahead of the eastern seaboard of the U.S.
Tipping – The customary tip in restaurants is 10%. Taxi drivers do not receive tips, nor do hair stylists. Bellhops should be tipped $2 to $3 (£1.30-£2). Gas stations are full-serve, and attendants are tipped $1.25 to $2.50 (85p-£1.70).
Browse here for more NYT Chile insight
Margo and I are putting together a brief overview of Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile to share with our PFP Chile colleagues during our final pre-trip meeting. What follows is a quick summary of the highlights we plan to cover.
- Mission Statement
- To achieve excellence in the creation and transfer of knowledge and training of people, inspired by a Catholic understanding and always at the service of the Church and Society.
- History in Brief
- Founded on 21 June 1888 by the initiative of the Archbishop of Santiago, Monsignor Mariano Casanova
- Initial Goal:
- create an institution that integrated academic excellence and inspired training in Christina doctrine
- Declared a pontifical university by Pope Pius XI in 1930
- Granted full academic autonomy by the Chilean government in 1931
- First two schools were for Law and the Physical Sciences and Math
- First graduates were civil engineers, architects, and law graduates
- Enrollment (2010)
- ~ 2400 masters students
- ~ 800 doctorate students
- ~ 800 post-doctorate students
- ~ 1,500 full-time faculty
- Faculties (roughly equivalent to “colleges” in the US university system)
- College UC
- Bachelor of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
- Bachelor of Social Science
- Bachelor of Arts and Humanities
- Faculty of Agronomy & Forest Engineering
- Faculty of Architecture, Design, and Urban Studies
- Faculty of Arts Faculty of Biological Sciences
- Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- Faculty of Communications
- Arts Faculty
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Language and Literature
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Engineering
- Faculty of Philosophy
- Faculty of Physics
- Faculty of History, Geography, and Political Science
- Faculty of Mathematics
- Faculty of Chemistry
- Faculty of Theology
- Interesting Facts
- 1 of 6 Catholic Universities in Chile
- 1 of 2 Pontifical Universities in Chile
- Catholic University established by and directly under the authority of the Holy See
- Licensed to grant academic degrees in sacred faculties, the most important of which are:
- Sacred Theology
- Canon Law
- Sacred Scripture and Philosophy
- Pontifical universities follow a European system of degrees in the sacred faculties, granting the baccalaureate, the licentiate, and the doctorate
- 4 Campuses in Santiago
- “The four Santiago campuses have been selected, adapted, and designed to meet the needs of the fields of study offered on each campus within a rapidly developing urban setting.”
- Villarrica Campus
- “The Villarrica Regional Campus is located 750 km south of Santiago, in “La Araucanía” Region, where the density of the Mapuche population living in Chilean rural areas is the highest.”
- “The main activity of this campus is the training of general Elementary Education teachers who attain a solid humanist emphasis, commit to Christian values, and have the competencies to conduct themselves in a globalized, culturally heterogeneous world that is marked by the use of new technologies.”
- More Fun Factoids
- Virtual campus which enables students to contact scholars from other parts of the world
- 2009 – ranked best Chilean university and the second best in South America
- Law school is currently ranked 1st in Latin America
- Alma mater of Sebastían Piñera (current Chilean president)
- Offers several double degrees at the graduate level with universities in other countries
No, not Guevara (although I imagine he’d support the movement), but rather The Chronicle of Higher Education. An article in today’s CHE examines the intricacies of the prolonged conflict over high tuition costs that lead to heavy personal debt (sound at all familiar to any current happenings in the US?). The article is fascinating for a variety of reasons. Not least of all is its framing of the concerns in contemporary Chilean higher education (which in many ways seem to be a microcosm of larger, global higher education topics). The article also builds nicely upon (or is, at the very least, tangential to) much of what Jordan has been writing about on his blog.
It doesn’t really serve for me to recap the article in its entirety (in fact, I suggest we all read the article before meeting on Thursday morning; it’s relatively short, very informative, and incredibly pertinent — great for reading during a mid-afternoon coffee break), but I do want to draw your attention to a few key areas. CHE reporter Andrew Downie focuses a lot of effort (understandably so) on explaining the origin of the ongoing protests. Attempting to explain the impetus behind the protests, Downie states,
The question of why such protests have erupted in Chile, the country that is by many measures the most advanced in South America and the one that spends most on education, might seem perplexing to outside observers. The answer, say experts, is in the question: The unrest is precisely because of the country’s leap forward.
Despite the money spent on education, many Chileans are criticizing the lack of reform in higher education. Indeed, these apparent leaps have been more closely resembled unimpassioned hops. Describing what he calls a “Failed ‘Revolution,’” Downie explains,
The seeds of protest were sown in December, when the education minister said the government would begin a “revolution” in higher education. Previous governments had avoided higher-education reform, preferring to concentrate on elementary and secondary education, and the announcement was a welcome surprise to many.
But when the government finally revealed only timid reforms, in May, there was widespread disappointment, says José Joaquin Brunner, who is one of Chile’s most respected professors and education researchers.
While there are many variables at play in this social movement, the reporting about and from Chile emphasizes the widespread public support behind the protests.
Many shops, banks, and stores are boarded up for security, but the students retain widespread support from ordinary Chileans, with the polls consistently showing more than 70 percent backing their cause.
No matter how unreliable public polling may be, this is a significant point to keep in mind while reviewing the remainder of the article (and generally contemplating the movement). With so much popular support, one might assume the protests would lead to a swift sea change in Chilean higher education; remedying many of the earlier, yet still inchoate, reforms. Well, yes and no. The article concludes on a positive (albeit cautious) note:
If nothing else, the conflict has made reform now seem unavoidable. But a resolution could still be months away, and there is widespread concern that students will lose this academic year entirely. That would put hundreds of thousands of degrees into question and perhaps even threaten the survival of some universities, particularly the less wealthy ones, in the provinces. Neither the students nor the government is likely to end up satisfied, but most people believe the overall outcome will be positive.
This fuzzy optimism seems particularly important for each of us (as socially and intellectually engaged travelers with particular observational focus on Chilean higher education) to consider. Although it is difficult to accurately forecast the path of the protests or the route to reform, these topics will undoubtedly be on the public’s mind when we visit Chile in January. It serves well for each of us to be as knowledgeable as possible, while still remaining intellectually open (i.e. not to rush to judgement based upon preconceived notions resulting from foreign reporting, media bias, presumptions regarding the nature of social protest, lack of cultural context, etc.). Just one of the many topics to keep on the critically conscious radar before, during, and after our immersive whirlwind tour of Chilean higher education.
Still interested (I hope so)? Here’s a brief archival selection of CHE coverage of related issues in South American higher education:
- Thousands March in Chile to Protest High Cost of College - May 13, 2011
- Study Documents Economic Benefits of Secondary and Higher Education in the Developing World - February 19, 2003
- Private Universities Bloom in Chile - June 27, 2003
- Budget Battle in La Paz Keeps Tempers Flaring - March 31, 1993
During my daily perusal of all things Chile, I came upon this excerpt from Lonely Planet’s Chile & Easter Island guide. Relying upon images and captions the excerpt is quite brief, but still covers a good selection of pre-travel literature. Even a quick skim of a few pages will help perk your interest and bring your cultural/historical/political lens into better focus.
While I cannot speak to the literary quality narrative intrigue of each text, I am willing to personally vouch for Chatwin’s In Patagonia, any and all of Neruda’s poetry, and Guevara’s Motorcycle Diaries (I must [somewhat sheepishly] admit this recommendation is based on my analysis of the film adaptation of the text [but it was a film that I taught in one of my classes; to demonstrate my literary and academic credentials - given my review of other Guevara texts, I'm willing to help contextualize the flim/text a bit more]). In addition to the Lonely Planet list, I encourage you to hunt down a copy of Neruda’s Memoirs, Theroux’s Old Patagonia Express and The Tao of Travel: Enlightenments from Lives on the Road (not specifically focused on Chile, but a great read for travel enthusiasts, students of cultural mindfulness, or anyone planning/hoping to travel), as well as a dual-authored text from Chatwin and Theroux – Patagonia Revisited.