Chinese-Russian Railway Incident

In 1929 the Chinese Nationalist Party, also known as the Kuomintang, made advancements into Soviet territory. They had just recently eliminated the Chinese Communist, while the Soviet Union had obtained ownership of the Chinese Eastern Railroad, “with the overthrow of the tsarist government and the October Revolution” (Siegelbaum). The Kuomintang sought to regain control of the railroad in the East. In May of 1929 the Chinese hit numerous positions along the railroad, attacking dozens of Russian officials and citizens.

Sino-Soviet Railroad

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The Soviet Union openly condemned the attacks, but the Chinese continued their raids until they controlled the Eastern Railroad. Finally, the Soviets launched an return attack to retake the Railroad. They used superior airpower and tanks to regain control of the railroads. This event inspired “US Secretary of State Harold Stimson to invoke the Kellogg-Briand Pact (1928) to prevent war, the main result of which was a flurry of angry exchanges between Washington and Moscow. In 1933 the Soviet government initiated discussions with the Japanese for the sale of the no-longer profitable CER to the puppet state of Manchukuo” Siegelbaum.

Source: http://soviethistory.msu.edu/1929-2/chinese-railway-incident/

6 thoughts on “Chinese-Russian Railway Incident

  1. Despite their efforts, these Chinese could not stand up to the technological advancement of the Soviets. Unfortunately for them, their sacrifices meant nothing in the end, and the territory ended up with another party even after the Soviets gave it up (after defeating the Chinese for it).

  2. This is a well written and to the point post that brought to light the Chinese Russian Railway incident of 1929. I previously had no knowledge of the incident, but can see how important maintaining control of the railway was for the Soviets, especially in such times of transformation.

  3. I really enjoyed reading about your topic. I had never heard of this incident before, so it was really eye-opening. Controlling the railway must have been very important to the Soviets and, in the end, the Chinese were no match for the technological advancement of the Russians. Your post was very informative.

  4. I really enjoyed reading the posts about this conflict, which I knew nothing about before this week. You did a great job of explaining the motives and what happened.

  5. this was a very odd situation especially with all the back and forth. it seems like the Soviets weren’t too worried about stopping the Chinese when they were taking back the railway, but once they had taken it over the Soviets jumped right in and destroyed them. I also thought it was interesting that the U.S. jumped in to keep the peace.

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