Possible Funding Resources in the United States of America for Faculties, Part 1

In four posts, I want to talk about funding resources in the US for faculties, particularly new faculties.

In this post, I will talk about National Institute of Health (NIH).

  1. National Institute of Health

This organization is a great resource for funding projects in the US.  The major mission for this institute is to pursue new knowledge related to nature and living systems. Then, use this knowledge to improve the quality of humans’ life.  For this purpose, NIH follow these goals:

“1. To foster fundamental creative discoveries, innovative research strategies, and their applications as a basis for ultimately protecting and improving health;

  1. To develop, maintain, and renew scientific human and physical resources that will ensure the Nation’s capability to prevent disease;
  2. To expand the knowledge base in medical and associated sciences in order to enhance the Nation’s economic well-being and ensure a continued high return on the public investment in research;
  3. To exemplify and promote the highest level of scientific integrity, public accountability, and social responsibility in the conduct of science.”1

This organization includes several sub-organizations. I listed the most important of them in the below:

  • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • National Institute of Aging (NIA)
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
  • National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
  • National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
  • National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
  • National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
  • National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB)
  • National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
  • National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
  • National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
  • National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
  • National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)
  • National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
  • National Institute of General Medical Diseases (NIGMS)
  • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
  • National Library of Medicine (NLM)
  • National Eye Institute (NEI)

Each sub-organization has own missions related to health of human beings.

NIH support basic and applied researches. In the following, the distribution of budget for basic and applied researches is summarized from 2002-2016 2:

https://officeofbudget.od.nih.gov/spending_hist.html

 

 

Faculties need to submit a proposal for this institution to get fund for their research. But, it is very competitive. In the following figure, the rate of success and funding can be seen from 1990 to 2014 3:

http://nexus.od.nih.gov/all/2015/06/29/what-are-the-chances-of-getting-funded/

But, NIH has some priorities to select proposals to support them. They are 4:

  • Number of deaths caused by a disease
  • Degree of disability produced by a disease
  • Number of people who have a disease
  • Degree to which a disease cuts short a life
  • Economic and social costs of a disease
  • Need to act rapidly to control disease spread

In the next post, I will talk about the guideline to write a good proposal for NIH.

  1. http://www.nih.gov/about-nih/what-we-do/mission-goals
  2. https://officeofbudget.od.nih.gov/spending_hist.html
  3. http://nexus.od.nih.gov/all/2015/06/29/what-are-the-chances-of-getting-funded/
  4. http://www.nih.gov/

 

 

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