This image and video relate to not only the Stalin’s First Five Year Plan, but also revolutionary culture. Because of the socialist government’s desire to control everything in Russia they banned religion all across that nation. These two primary sources show church bells being taken down (27 bells out of 32 bells in the video were taken down by socialist workers) and further the medal being taken for industrial projects (also a huge factor in the First Five Year Plan). Stalin believe religion was a huge barrier for collectiveness and therefore not only destroyed a huge religious symbol within the church bells, but also demanded the for the destruction of churches, religious symbols, and even cemeteries. Those who resisted these laws was arrested or deported (like the Kulaks). Further the creation of a struck work schedule was enforced to keep religious workers away from acknowledging Sundays (the day of rest) and religious holiday so that they could continue to work for most of the year. However, revolutionary holiday celebrations were still observed, which further proves their dedication to their new culture over all else.
These ideologies left obvious implications that Stalin’s policies to ban religion and become more secular were purely to gain more power, but more importantly to encourage industrialization and collectiveness throughout the nation while promoting socialism.
These sources caught my attention because of our last blog post and midterm papers. I liked seeing the connection between revolutionary culture and the new policies and plans of socialist leaders and how they were still creating a new society in Russia.
“Churches Closed Images.” Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. N.p., 16 July 2015. Web. 04 Oct. 2015. <http://soviethistory.msu.edu/1929-2/churches-closed/churches-closed-images/#>.
“A Devout City Becomes Godless (1929).” YouTube. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2015. <http://youtu.be/iV_CuZ9nOCk>.
Hubbard, Erin. “First Five Year Plan and Stalin’s Economic Policies.” First Five Year Plan and Stalin’s Economic Policies. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Oct. 2015. <http://econc10.bu.edu/economic_systems/Economics/Command_Econ/planning/stalins_first_5yp.htm>.
Von Geldern, James. “Church Closed.” 17 Moments in Soviet History. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Oct. 2015. <http://soviethistory.msu.edu/1929-2/churches-closed/>.