GRAD 5014: Week 6 Citation Methods


I learned about citation methods from this week’s study. I think it’s very helpful, especially for writing research papers, the links provided in this module are very useful and they are great resources.

I am in the social science field, and we used APA style most of the time for assignments or research papers. I like the citation game and I got all 100% correct for APA as I am very familiar with it.  I first learned APA style while I was in Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St. Louis. I have a deep impression about how I learned APA style as I had a great mentor. It was a very nice memory.

The first class assignment I wrote in U.S. university was the literature review paper for my Research Methods class that taught by Dr. Nancy Morrow-Howell. At that time, I didn’t know much about APA and I wrote the paper following the writing styles in China, and I didn’t cite properly either. It was the first few weeks in school, I also didn’t have the sense of using writing center or any other resources. After submitting the paper, Dr. Morrow-Howell emailed me and she said she would like to meet with me about my paper. During the meeting, she said she could see how hard I had worked on this paper, and she also explained to me about APA, citation, and how to summarize. She also helped me set up two more meetings with the instructor in the Brown School Writing Center, during the meeting, she explained to her about my issues and the instructor in the writing center offered me resources of APA styles and other writing techniques.

Dr. Morrow-Howell was very patient, and she let me rewrite that paper and she said the reason why she did all these was because she knew that was my first assignment, and she didn’t want me to make similar mistakes in my future writing assignments. I got 85 for that assignment in the end, even though the grade was not great, but both Dr. Morrow-Howell and me were pleased with it, as we all see my improvement along the way.  I really appreciate Dr. Morrow-Howell’s time and effort in helping me, and after that, I paid more attention to citations and writing, and I also feel that I want to become a professor like her in the future.


GRAD 5014 Week 5: The VT Graduate Honor System, Part II

Integrity 2_0

In this week’s class, we continued talking about Graduate Honor System. I like all the videos and readings in this week’s study.  The interactive movie “The lab” is really impressing and useful and I learned a lot. The following is my experiences working through the interactive movie, “The Lab.”

As a graduate student, I played the graduate student Kim Park first, and I can see how the challenges that she faced are similar to mine if I encounter the similar situation. For instance, the pressure from colleagues, the PI professor, and also the high expectation from her parents, it’s a blessing that her parents are so supportive, otherwise, it would be a worse situation.  I choose all the right actions, and in the end, she becomes a hero to save the lab, and the reputation of the university.  However, during the process, she is under great pressure, like being isolated, and mistreated in her lab, that she has to change lab and her graduation date will be delayed for a year. It is unfortunate for her, but I think she made the right choice, and she has an experience with science misconduct which will be helpful in her future research life.

I also really like the video on the motivations for why students cheat and plagiarize.  In this video, he first introduced the types of problems of cheating and plagiarize. From the Learning perspective, it will decrease academic engagement and achievement. From the  assessment perspective, it will undermines the validity of test results and grades, and from developmental perspective, it will compromise the development of moral character.

I agree with the the opinion of Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations. It also reminded me my education experiences when I was younger, especially before college as it was mostly performance goal orientated. The teachers, administrators and parents emphasize too much on tests and grades, and the students were under great pressure. As a doctoral student now, I think I won’t want my students have the similar experiences that I had earlier.

I also agree with the model of achieving with integrity. The core values are respect, trust, honesty, responsibility, effort, and the curriculum and instruction should be material oriented, teaching and learning, pedagogical, caring and fairness. In addition,  of students, teachers, administrators and parents have shared responsibility in building a community with academic integrity.



GRAD 5014: Week 4 The VT Graduate Honors System, Part I

This week’s news is about integrity in the sports, Anthony Bosch talked about how he helped Alex Rodriguez using drugs to improve his performance in baseball games.  I am astonished to know that how those players treat integrity with lies and tricks, and this is so unfair for clean players. The most unacceptable thing is that Anthony Bosch who helped the players with drug uses said that it is part of the game, it is not wrong to use drugs, but it is just the matter of how and when you use it.  His attitude must enraged many audience.

Similar as the integrity in sports, the integrity in academia is also very important. I have read about the Graduate Honor System,  and I think it is the Constitution is very organized and in detailed, in addition, I didn’t think deep enough about the differences of some of  the violations. For instance,  the differences between plagiarism and falsification.  I also learned Academic Sabotage as a new phrase.

I think a university Honor Code can help student avoid cheating, plagiarism,  falsification, and academic sabotage.  Every graduate student should learn about it before they start really conducting research or teaching.

One of the responsibilities of the university to maintain academic integrity is to educate all the students about the importance of integrity and also it would be  very helpful if the advisors of the graduate students are aware of the cultural differences among different nations and be more sympathy and willing to help with the students.

Grad 5014 Week 3: Defining Academic Integrity

This week, we learned about defining academic integrity. This week’s ethics news which is about the Pulitzer-Prize winning photographer being fired for changing a photo he took as a photojournalist, really left a deep impression on me, as I thought as I didn’t realize altering a photo could also be a violation of integrity. 

I have read the “On Being a Scientist” during my Research Methods class last fall semester when I was a first year PhD student.  It has been very helpful for me in my research and also course works.

I have a better understanding of the  chapter on authorship and allocation of credit as I have experienced some hard times with authorship issue.  I completed an abstract for the Gerontological Society of America annual conference and I took it for granted that the professor who helped me editing the abstract should be the co-author and I added her name without asking, and the professor was very unpleased about this. At first, I felt strange and couldn’t understand why she was upset about it, but after read the norms and values, I knew that whether someone should be added as co-author depends on the intellectual contributions that a person has made,  not depends on the time or efforts, and editing is not considered as intellectual contribution. In addition, I should always talk with the professor or co-workers about the authorship ahead of time, and make it clear to everyone.  Now I know where I made a mistake and how to avoid this kind of mistakes in the future.

The case study offered in this module is also very interesting,  I think the committee should investigate the student’s data to determine guilt or innocence and if Ms. Smart is found guilty, her degree should be revoked and the problem shouldn’t be let go even she’s already graduated.

GRAD5014: Week 2-The Purpose of the Research University

In this week, we talked about the purpose and history of the university in general and also about Virginia Tech. I am really impressed and also glad to learn about the history of VT, and I feel that all the students in VT should take this class and learn about our history.

In my opinion, from the perspective of a student, the purpose of the university or higher education should be to enable the students to learn knowledge and skills in order to pursue their goals or dreams in life, and also be able to serve the community or society. From the society’s perspective,  the purposes of university or higher education are to discover new knowledge that push humankind forward, and also serve the community or society as an education and research institute.

Personally, what I hope to gain from my education is the ability to learn new knowledge, the research attitude and skills, and also a healthy life style. Professionally, I want to gain the ability of information collection and managing, so I can stay and catch up with the edge of the new research in my field.  I think the purpose of Virginia Tech fits well with the purpose of my own life.

There are many ways that models of the American research university different from those in China, the one that I think universities in China should learn from the American research universities is the attitude and principle of serving the community.  I think universities in China emphasized more on research and education, but not enough about giving back to the society and serving the community.

Mission Statement for PFP-Fall2014

Mission Statements

The first mission statement I find is from Washington University in St. Louis (WUSTL), as it’s my alma mater. WUSTL is a medium-sized university located in St. Louis, Missouri.


WUSTL’s mission is to discover and disseminate knowledge, and protect the freedom of inquiry through research, teaching, and learning.

Who We Are

The goals of Washington University in St .Louis are: 

  • To welcome students, faculty, and staff from all backgrounds to create an inclusive community that is welcoming, nurturing, and intellectually rigorous;
  • to foster excellence in our teaching, research, scholarship, and service;
  • to prepare students with attitudes, skills, and habits of lifelong learning and leadership thereby enabling them to be productive members of a global society; and
  • to be an institution that excels by its accomplishments in our home community, St. Louis, as well as in the nation and the world.

The other mission statement I find is from Stanford University as it is one of my favorite universities.


The mission is “Nature, Object, and Purposes of the Institution” founded by Leland Stanford and Jane Lathrop Stanford in these terms:

Its nature, that of a university with such seminaries of learning as shall make it of the highest grade, including mechanical institutes, museums, galleries of art, laboratories, and conservatories, together with all things necessary for the study of agriculture in all its branches, and for mechanical training, and the studies and exercises directed to the cultivation and enlargement of the mind;

Its object, to qualify its students for personal success, and direct usefulness in life;

And its purposes, to promote the public welfare by exercising an influence in behalf of humanity and civilization, teaching the blessings of liberty regulated by law, and inculcating love and reverence for the great principles of government as derived from the inalienable rights of man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

Comparing to WUSTL’s mission statement, Stanford University’s mission statement is longer and more detailed.  What stood out to me is that both the two mission statements emphasized on freedom and liberty, and I think it is a privilege and at the same time the human right.

The Stanford’s mission statement also mentioned usefulness in life and pursuit of happiness for individual student,  and I think it sounds more practical and close to the students.

GRAD5014: Week 1

Self introduction– discipline, background, research and professional interests.

My name is Yujun Liu, a second year PhD student in the department of Human Development, here at Virginia Tech.

My hometown is Shandong, China. I got my Master of Social Work from Washington University in St. Louis in 2013, before that I was in China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.  Currently, I am studying Adult Development and Aging and my research interests include dementia care, gerotechnology, and aging in place.

What are your initial impressions of this statement of principles? What are principles (versus laws, beliefs, facts, etc)?

My initial impression of the Virginia Tech Principles of Community is that Virginia Tech is very international, and emphasizes on the universal aspects of equality and justice.  In my opinion, principles are a series of concepts or assumptions that defined by certain individuals or organizations. It is suggested but not enforced by government or society.

What do you make of the acknowledgement that the university includes, in part, “a legacy that reflected bias and exclusion.” What does this suggest to you?

I don’t quite understand the full meaning of this acknowledgement.

Which of the principles do you find most intriguing? 

I find the principle “We pledge our collective commitment to these principles in the spirit of the Virginia Tech motto of Ut Prosim (That I May Serve)” most intriguing.  This principle reflects the overall characteristics of this university, and it also reminds the students that one of the goals of education is to be able to serve the need of the community and society.