Technology and Innovation in Higher Education-GRAD5104

Due to the development of technology and increased resources on the internet, technology are being used as an vital option for teaching in today’s universities and colleges.  However, the effect of the use of technology are not clearly studied in previous research.

I found one article by Bowman (2009), that  explored if posting  PPT notes on a web-based course management system was related to enhanced performance or increased absences by analyzing grade earned and class attendance records. The findings of this study is really interesting.  The researcher indicated that there were no differences in either grades or absences between classes that had notes posted and those that did not. However, results indicated grades were positively related to attendance. 148 students (109 women, 39 men) who had access to lecture outlines online performed more poorly on exams than students who did not have access to online materials.

In addition, online courses are also becoming popular. Even though faculty play a major role in teaching an online course,  many faculty are not aware of the need of online learning courses as a viable alternative to traditional in-classroom courses based upon the needs of students and the ever increasing demand on the university and related resources. Many faculty are resistant to new approaches and technology, have prejudice and fear about teaching online courses. In addition, many educators who are highly skilled in teaching traditional classes have discovered that teaching online classes can be a significantly different experience. Some faculty may feel a loss of autonomy when they can no longer have complete control of their course. In many respects, faculty may need more training than students in acquiring the skills necessary to utilize online courses (Carrillo, & Renold, 2000). Faculty who are well-trained and motivated to utilize online education techniques are needed.

References:

Bowman, L. L. (2009). Does posting PowerPoint presentations on WebCT affect class performance or attendance? Journal of Instructional Psychology, 36(2), 104.

Carrillo, F. R., & Renold, C. (2000). Distance education: Understanding faculty and students. Gerontology and Geriatrics Education, 20(4), 55-61. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.lib.vt.edu:8080/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=gnh&AN=82360&scope=site

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