What defines a 21st century university? How do we envision a vibrant university for (of) the 21st century? How can we transform traditional universities?
Although these discussions began in the 1990s, focused attention on change for today’s universities is happening now as institutions of higher education find themselves at a metaphorical “fork in the road’. Change has happened in higher education throughout time but the pace of change in society today is far greater than it has ever been – so rapid that it is indeed difficult for universities to keep up let alone anticipate change.
Through my lens as an academic administrator and professor, the university of the 21st century must be adaptive, innovative and agile. As technology continues to evolve and the complexity of societal problems increase, the nature of work (and life) changes and jobs are changing more rapidly than degrees. There seems to be a growing gap between the university curriculum and the knowledge and skills needed for the 21st century employment. Thus, one example of significant challenges for the university is to prepare graduates for jobs (work) that don’t yet exist. To meet this challenge, the traditional university curriculum approach must become more inclusive, adaptive and individualized with emphasis upon interdisciplinary and integrative thinking as well as experiential learning with real-world projects.
Currently, Virginia Tech President Timothy Sands has issued a challenge and engaged the university community in a conversation about transformation and changes facing the university entitled “Beyond Boundaries“. Beyond Boundaries is a “visioning process to support two interrelated goals: advancing Virginia Tech as a global land-grant institution, and strategically addressing the challenges and opportunities presented by the changing landscape of higher education”. Four thematic areas of inquiry provide the context for change: advancing a global land grant, preparing students for the future world,discovering new funding models, and envisioning the campus of the future. The initiative has been in part framed around the anticipation that “a generation from now:
- life and work will be more global, mobile, technology mediated, interconnected and less steady/stable
- students will seek knowledge, expertise, opportunity, flexibility
- campus will comprise heterogeneous networks and innovation hubs facilitated by technology” (from Beyond Boundaries presentation March 31, 2016)
In conjunction with this initiative and as other institutions of higher education engage with transformation and envisioning a 21st century university, it will be important to examine existing structures and functions of our universities today. As described in “An Avalanche in Coming” (2013), some university traditions and practices might need to be “unbundled”. Examples include how outputs are measured (e.g., research, degrees, learning), how the people (e.g., faculty, staff, students) will be connected to the university (e.g., locations, networks), how curriculum is developed and how teaching/learning is delivered/received. Specifically, it will be important to contemplate questions such as:
- What if we rethink knowledge acquisition without or beyond degrees?
- What if we rethink access in terms of access to skills not just the university?
- What if we rethink the education of students for the ability and skills to undertake projects rather than for specific jobs?
- How do we evaluate interdisciplinary and integrative learning?
- How do we implement a funding model that decreases costs and student debt?
- How do we envision partnerships to prepare the future generations for the workforce?
- How do we achieve authentic globalization and adopt a global perspective?
These are just some of the questions to be asked and topics to be explored. They are likely to be viewed as somewhat controversial or with skepticism but they will foster lively and informative dialogue about transformation of institutions of higher education (IHEs) into 21st C universities. The challenges are real and so are the opportunities that follow when IHEs are willing to take some risks.
Continuing this line of thinking more related to my role in graduate education – what will graduate education look like in the future? How can we transform graduate education so that graduate students develop the intellectual and professional skills meaningful for complex problem solving needed for the 21st century workforce? What is the future of the dissertation? More on these in an upcoming blog.