Two years ago, when I heard the words “diversity,” “equality,” or “inclusion,” my mind immediately went to including people of minority backgrounds on the table, or reaching the “number” that would “solve” underrepresentation in any fields or settings, or focusing on accommodating minority to help them succeed. Only after I started reading about critical paradigms in social science research that I realized how off the mark those thoughts were.
The thought above popped into my head when I reflected on inclusive pedagogies, because how could I not? Inclusive pedagogies, to me, signify two loaded concepts: 1) we live in a place where realities are shaped by power structures that oppressed those who are not of the majority, and 2) our educational systems are rooted in those power structures, effectively refuting the notion that schools are apolitical.
The first concept ties directly to the first paragraph. My perceptions of the world and realities transformed when I started engaging in critical literature. I thought I figured out what racism was because I grew up in an environment where racism is clearly displayed on papers that dictate how one should behave in the society. In the said environment, everything about racism seems to be about playing the “numbers” game, including people in settings, and constantly “accommodating” to minorities with ad hoc policies and rhetorics. Essentially, it was how I experienced racism in Malaysia.
I brought those thoughts and experiences with me to the States ten years ago. Living in this country revealed to me a deeper and more disturbing layer of racism that I wasn’t aware of. I knew something was off about the situations, but I could not express or articulate it. Two years ago, I started reading about critical paradigms in research, and things finally clicked. It was then I learned of the words “power structure,” “oppression,” “minoritized,” “privilege,” and “systemic,”; the language that I can use to talk about the realities that I see and some of my friends experience. It was then I learned of how the society is structured based on race, gender, sexuality, ableism, religions, and many others that humans construct to differentiate among each other. It was also then I learned of my privilege that I hold and have benefitted from over the years, and how I have experienced the States very differently than some people who are perceived differently. Confronting all these is difficult yet important for me to make sense of the world we live in.
These discoveries, along with literature and readings, led to another realization: our educational systems are political institutions embedded within the power structure that shapes the society (the second concept). Schools, colleges, educational programs are also operating within the system, many have argued that these educational systems have been implicitly reproducing the social oppression and inequity that are the outcomes of the power structure, as many of the learning and teaching seem to revolve around the “norm,” “standard,” or benchmark” that are shaped by the majority. Though some may argue that schools should be neutral, they are not, and not acknowledging the political nature of education, I argue, can do a lot of harm to our society.
Inclusive pedagogies, thus, become an appropriate small step for instructors to embrace in addressing the two systemic issues that I just espoused on in the classroom settings. I think inclusive pedagogies can compel an instructor or facilitator to confront the world we are living in and situate themselves while designing learning environments. In other words, instructors who employ inclusive pedagogies are comfortable and well-equipped to facilitate difficult conversations in their classrooms (setting up ground rules and challenging students to think beyond their comfort zones). They also are mindful of the power dynamics that may occur in their classrooms based on the social constructs that have differentiated humans (designing team-based projects and activities that are mindful of social constructs). In addition, they constantly think about how to ensure the learning environment is safe for their students (constantly check in with students on the classroom climate and act on those comments). These are some of the essential parts of this pedagogical lens, and I think they can contribute, however big, toward addressing the systemic issues I see in this world.
I strive to constantly be mindful of the power dynamic that occurs due to differentiating social constructs when I design learning environments. I strive to constantly check in with my students to make sure they feel safe in the classrooms. I strive to be better and prepared to facilitate difficult conversations among my students in the classroom. I strive to embrace inclusive pedagogies as an instructor in the future. It will not be easy, but it is necessary.