World War Two had a huge impact on The Soviet Union. Between the years of 1941 and 1942 between seventeen and twenty five million people were evacuated from the western borders of the country. In addition to having people evacuated, various organizations were also moved to safer areas of the country. One of the main goals of this evacuation was to “develop the Soviet military capability” (Edwards), hence why many of the industrial workers were given top priority in evacuation.
However, the country was not prepared for these evacuations. Large groups of people were arriving in areas that did not have the space or resources to accommodate them. Being that the goal of the evacuations was to develop the military, the industrial workers were given priority, with “larger food rations, higher quality housing and better medical care” (Edwards).
Despite being unfair for all citizens involved, the World War Two Soviet evacuations caused the Soviet economy to be completely mobilized and ready for the coming war. Although they accomplished their goal, the evacuations also caused many people to die or become ill due to poor living conditions, malnutrition or inadequate medical care. The question is were these evacuations really worth the effort of the government and the toll that they took on the people?
17 Moments in History: 1943, Wartime Evacuations