The Textile Industry in the Industrial Revolution

The United States was behind Great Britain in their industrial revolution for multiple reasons. However, one of the main reasons was because of Great Britain’s restriction of their ideas. The people there were the first to implement many ideas into their technologies, and they held onto them for as long as they could. Great Britain even made it illegal for textile technologies to be exported, so it was slow to make its way to the United States.

Samuel Slater, who is now viewed as the founder of the textile industry in America, brought over the ideas of the British textile factories. He memorized plans of how to build a textile mill, and built a textile production mill using these ideas. He ended up using water power to spin cotton into thread, and was known to have very high quality cotton products.

After his textile mill was up and running, Slater began to employ many people, children included, to increase the production from this factory. The mill became a village called Slatersville, as many of the families working there also lived there. Slater built homes for these employees to live in, which encouraged more people to come and work for his mill. Slater eventually owned mills in multiple states, all of which had homes, shops, and even schools available to its workers. Because of this, Slater had some of the leading textile factories for a long period of time.

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