The United States was behind Great Britain in their industrial revolution for multiple reasons. However, one of the main reasons was because of Great Britain’s restriction of their ideas. The people there were the first to implement many ideas into their technologies, and they held onto them for as long as they could. Great Britain even made it illegal for textile technologies to be exported, so it was slow to make its way to the United States.
Samuel Slater, who is now viewed as the founder of the textile industry in America, brought over the ideas of the British textile factories. He memorized plans of how to build a textile mill, and built a textile production mill using these ideas. He ended up using water power to spin cotton into thread, and was known to have very high quality cotton products.
After his textile mill was up and running, Slater began to employ many people, children included, to increase the production from this factory. The mill became a village called Slatersville, as many of the families working there also lived there. Slater built homes for these employees to live in, which encouraged more people to come and work for his mill. Slater eventually owned mills in multiple states, all of which had homes, shops, and even schools available to its workers. Because of this, Slater had some of the leading textile factories for a long period of time.
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Read the articles below for more information on Samuel Slater and the Textile Industry:
While they weren’t nearly as dangerous as some of the first steam engines, steam locomotives had problems that offered safety concerns of their own. Steam is incredibly dangerous when put under extreme pressures, and this is a fact that is commonly not realized nowadays. This is because, while people frequently boil water, water is not pressurized very much anymore. While steam locomotives eventually progressed to have safer features, there were definitely mistakes along the way that caused these features to be implemented.
As a steam engine works by essentially heating water to extreme temperatures in order to bring it to high pressures, there are multiple dangers involved. One of the most pressing concerns is that the boiler will explode if the pressure rises too high, so systems had to be put into place to prevent this. On many locomotives, valves were put into place to release steam automatically if the pressure reached a certain level, which prevented explosions because of user negligence. However, boilers could also explode from becoming weak due to the extreme heat. To combat this, water constantly covered the top of the firebox. However, if the water level fell too low, the fire would directly hit the boiler, causing stress. Therefore, water gauges were developed to be put inside the cabin of the locomotive, which would be monitored by the crew. Without these safety mechanisms, boilers would have surely exploded much more frequently, causing harm both to the locomotive itself as well as the people on board.
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