During this week’s GEDI seminar, one of the discussions concentrated on the merit of “seven pervasive myths, or mindsets” (Langer 1998, chap. Introduction). One of the seven myths that stood out most to me is:

- The basics must be learned so well that they become second nature.

I find this myth very puzzling because the question of what is meant by “the basics” is largely unanswered. For one thing, what is meant by “the basics” cannot be generalized to education as a whole, but instead must be relative to a particular topic or research area. Even within a specific research area (e.g., statistics[1], biology, aerospace engineering, history), there seems to be little to no agreement on what counts as being “basic.” For instance, my thesis research is pertinent to establishing what is basic or fundamental to learning about statistical inference; namely, it argues that how we define the concept of “evidence” affects the formalism[2] a statistician uses to solve a research problem. Thus, the mathematics used in statistics is secondary to learning more basic concepts (e.g., evidence), at least according to my perspective. Whereas statistics has been treated for many years as a mathematical subject, which means the mathematics were what counted as being “the basics.” I would be interested to hear about the progress (or lack thereof) in other research areas concerning what is meant by “the basics.” Moreover, I will end by asking[3] readers the following questions: what counts as being “the basics” in your research area? How well do you think the basics must be grasped before moving on to other topics within your research area?

**References**

Langer, Ellen J. 1998. *The Power of Mindful Learning*. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press.

“Statistic.” 2013. *Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary*. Accessed September 2. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/statistic.

[1]broadly defined as the study of the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. This should not be confused with the word statistic, referring to a quantity (such as mean or median) calculated from a set of data (“Statistic” 2013),whose plural is statistics (“this statistic seems wrong” or “these statistics are misleading”).

[3]I encourage posting answers to my questions as comments – I welcome your comments!

In my field, political theory, the basics are considered the classic political and philosophical writers. While I would argue it is necessary for students to be familiar with them, having them develop into one’s second nature means that the relative parochialism of the writers (era, geographical, cultural) is continued. Instead, political theory students need to be familiar with them to the extent that they can then critique these writers and put them into a larger global context.

Thanks for sharing your thoughts. I really appreciate your efforts

and I will be waiting for your next write ups thanks once again.