What does Critical Pedagogy mean?
Critical pedagogy is teaching and learning as a shared interaction to challenge the preconceived knowledge and perceptions leading to individual empowerment and social change.
Group Conception of Critical Pedagogy
Critical Pedagogy can be applied to the following fields:
(Angelica) Educational Leadership & Policy Studies
Critical pedagogy can be applied to educational leadership in several ways. Honestly, the leaders in education should be those that are aware of critical pedagogy and provide teachers in the classroom with the freedom to teach using critical pedagogy. Leadership should help students develop consciousness of freedom and encourage them to take constructive action. Within critical pedagogy, students should recognize authoritarian tendencies and be able to challenge the theory behind what they are learning. By fostering the intent of curiosity in children, one is teaching the learner to continuously learn. An educational leader’s responsibility is to create knowledge by learning “why” and encouraging learners to always ask “why”.
(Jon LLoyd) Sociology/Criminology/Peace Studies & Violence Prevention
Critical Pedagogy empowers those who institutions silence, it returns conversation and curiosity to the children whose schools ground it out of them, it invites criticism and skepticism rather than punish it.
I implement critical pedagogy by inviting skepticism of knowledge systems and privileging difficult questions and marginalized knowledge. This might be by showing how “everyday” rituals, beliefs, structures, or practices are rooted in white supremacist ideology, asking provocative and unexpected questions like “Why do overpasses oppress people and who decided that was a good idea?” And it might be as simple as opening the class floor after asking, “Okay, we’ve got a good handle on the problem…now, what do you want to do about it?” In terms of teaching skills, I’m interested by the idea of relating to the familiar. Recently, I’ve read about music educators using hip-hop as a form of critical pedagogy, in particular using lyrical analysis. As my disciplines call special attention to reframing the everyday experience, such an approach might prove exceptionally useful.
(Riya) Physics / Science Education
Shifting from traditional lecture based classes to interactive, engaging discussion based classes, where the student and instructor are mutual learners and teachers. Creating a collaborative platform inside and outside the classrooms, where everyone has the opportunity and choice to voice their opinions and ask questions fearlessly. Knowing your students, their limitations and vulnerabilities and incorporating such tools in the lecture that would help them overcome these. Being more than a lecturer in classroom, going beyond the assigned material; engaging students to work together to develop practical experimental set-ups; forcing them to think the importance and relevance of the topic being taught. Practicing learner-based teaching: asking students to form groups and come up with ideas or topics that they would like to be discussed. The core idea is to empower students through the learning process, to help them become independent individuals with ideas, opinions, and a lot of questions.
(John B.) Geology/Natural Sciences
One way of applying critical pedagogy to the natural sciences is how to effectively teach the vocabulary and scientific concepts of a field for an audience at various “skill” levels of the individual students. In this field, the ability to question concepts to better understand the material in both the classroom and in the real world. Outside the large classroom size of the introductory classes that teaches non-majors, most of the classes are peer-based and utilizes group teaching methods. With geology being a complex field and a lot of concepts are not readily seen in the real world, opinions are usually welcome at various skill levels to comment and theorize.
(Maha) Computer Engineering/Maths
One way of applying critical pedagogy in teaching a math class is to let students go beyond the lecture and ask questions.
http://www.radicalmath.org/ is a link that contains ways of integrating social and economical justice into math classes.
In a computer engineering class (like machine learning), an example of applying critical pedagogy is giving the students a chance and freedom to apply the methods learned in class to their own field. For example, if the student field is transportation/traffic, they can apply “neural networks” to predict the traffic flow on a highway segment.
(Pallavi) Sociology/ Post Colonial Studies/ International Development
Critical Pedagogy is an excellent tool to teach and learn sociological concepts. Sociological concepts include learning about inequalities to address local and global social problems. Addressing the question of inequalities include discussions around gender, race, income, etc. Discussing these topics can lead to emotive responses in the class. To ensure that students learn to critically analyze these societal issues one needs to include various strategies. When I teach my courses before starting any lecture or discussion, I make sure to start with a strong example to demonstrate that this is a ‘real’ issue affecting all of us together. For instance, before discussing gender inequality persisting in society, I will show a documentary analyzing wage gap between both the genders in the US. These strategies help students to understand and connect to the issue and makes it easier for them to grasp the concepts. In addition to ensuring that the students learn to critically analyze these concepts, I make them engage in various group activities to discuss social issues and possible solution to these issues. These group activities help them to share their learning with each other, and they also learn together, in addition to building the community.
Group 6 Members: (“We’re the best, around! Nothing’s ever gonna keep us down!)
– Angelica Stovall (Paulo Freire, Pedagogy of Freedom),
– Riya Nandi (Bell Hooks: Democratic Education, Engaged Pedagogy)
– Maha Elouni (Joe L. Kinchloe, “Moving to Critical Complexity,” in The Critical Pedagogy Primer (2004), pp. 108-110)
– Jonathan LLoyd (bell hooks,”Critical Thinking” in Teaching critical thinking: Practical wisdom. Routledge.)
– Pallavi Raonka – Joe L. Kinchloe, “Paulo Freire (1921-1997)” in The Critical Pedagogy Primer (2004), pp. 69-75
-John Bartos – (Paper 3) Paulo Freire: Chapter 2 of Pedagogy of the Oppressed