# Design Elements and Principles

This will be the second to last post before the CT+E journey finishes, and I’m going to spend it going over the basics, which I think is a nice conclusion.

## Elements

The most basic element is a * point.* They have zero-dimensional structures and describe position and vertices very well. They are the origin for the other elements to prosper. The step-up is a

*which is when a point traces out a straight path. They play an important role in displacement and the construction of shapes. A*

**line***is a two-dimensional construct of line(s) and they can be used as the basis for space in a design. A*

**shape***is the composition of shapes, which can be three-dimensional, and they describe the geometry of our world in a design-based system.*

**form**

**C****olor**gives rise to a new way of differentiation and adding aesthetic value.

*describes shading and depth in a design based system.*

**Value***is the lack of element, which is an element in and of itself, it describes openness. Finally,*

**Space****gives rise to ways objects can contrast each other in a design-based system.**

*texture*## Principles

The principles of design group the elements together to form a representational system. ** Harmony** is the unity of the elements to form a cohesive whole. Many things can be harmonious:

*all have some way to bring balance to a system.*

**repetition, patterns, similarity, relationship***describes the tension between two elements and whether they belong together or apart.*

**Symmetry***gives weight to the objects and gives rise to most significant parts of a design.*

**Scale**The elements and principles are hidden in our everyday lives, but are some of the most subtle ways to expand human knowledge.