I really liked the article “The Myth of the Disconnected Life” and how it talked about using technology to foster deeper historical context and build community. It was an unexpected but pleasant take on the role of technology in our lives.
I think the thing that’s most striking to me about technology is how quickly everything changes. When I think about my own life… I first got a smart phone 2 years ago when I moved to Blacksburg, now I couldn’t imagine not having one. My family had dial up internet almost until the time I graduated high school. It was only a few years ago when the idea of a technology sabbath would have seemed like a totally foreign concept. The number of new technologies or programs I’ve learned how to use since starting my PhD couldn’t be counted on 2 hands. One of my fears about my PhD is that the technology in my field is evolving so quickly that the skills I have spent years learning during my time as a student won’t even be relevant in a few years. It’s hard to even fathom what a few more years of technological advancement will look like. Can technology (at least in the context of the kind of technology we use in our every day lives) continue to evolve as quickly as it has in our own lifetimes? Probably. But as long as that advancement is in the direction of more efficient progress, that sounds like a great thing.
I heard a podcast the other day called “Am I Boring you?” that talked about how researchers are trying to investigate what at first seems like a really obvious question: Why do we get bored? and do some people get bored more than others? but it turns out researchers don’t have a great grasp on why exactly people even get bored in the first place. One of the theories that sticks out in my memory of the podcast was the theory that we get bored because it offers an evolutionary advantage. An organism that can do the same thing over and over without learning anything new from it isn’t a desirable evolutionary trait. So boredom gives us a a drive to learn new things and to develop new skills. Boredom seems inextricably linked to our interactions with technology. When we are bored, we turn to our phones or our computers to entertain us. As long as boredom is driving us to use technology to learn new things and develop new skills, it is serving an important role in our lives.
I listened to a podcast recently that talked about the relationship between teacher and student that really resonated with me as I was reading through Friere’s “Pedagogy of the Oppressed.” The podcast, titled “In The Classroom, Common Ground Can Transform GPAs” talked about how common ground between teachers and students can improve student’s scores. The researchers gave a survey to students and teachers of 9th grade classes, and then shared with each participant examples of things that they had in common with their student or teacher. As a result, student’s scores jumped nearly half of a letter grade. Maybe even more importantly, this trend was even more pronounced for minority students, leading to a closure in the achievement gap between black and latino students with their classmates by 60%! While the initial assumption was that students who could relate to their teachers would be more motivated to learn, but this really didn’t seem to be the case. It turns out that it was the teachers who were changed by learning that they had more in common with their students than they had realized and were able to be better mentors to their students. In the case of the pronounced impact on minority students, the researchers suggested that this may be because the primarily European-American teachers had not previously perceived that they had much in common with minority students.
It seems that this sort of understanding and common ground between teacher and student is fundamental to moving away from the banking concept of education where students are not lifeless receptacles of knowledge, but rather relatable, unique humans who have much to contribute. When we talked in class about how some instructors may try to meet individually or in small groups with each student at the start of the semester in order to get to know their students better, I think I was subconsciously a little uncomfortable with the idea. The idea of being able to maintain a healthy level of authority in my classroom is already something that scares me, but breaking down that barrier even further by inviting students to lunch or an individual meeting gives me pause. But after hearing this research and reading Friere’s work, I think I’m becoming much more open to the idea. If finding a way to relate to my students can help them to learn, and especially if it can offer me an opportunity to close an achievement gap for minorities in my class, then I am open certainly open to the idea.
What is my teaching voice?
Well, to be honest, I have no idea! I have never taught, I’ve never even been a TA. I’ve thought a lot about the characteristics and approaches I want to emanate in my teaching, and I have some tenuous ideas, but I can’t help but be overwhelmed by the feeling that I don’t have the slightest clue what I’m doing. I’m introverted and I’m not overly comfortable speaking in front of groups. It’s hard to align these characteristics with my ideas of an effective teacher.
Which is why I found Sarah Deel’s piece more than a little reassuring. Maybe I just need to figure out who I am and then just be that person… sounds reasonable, right? I really like how intentional Deel is about incorporating aspects of her personality into making sure she is an effective teacher. Her discussion of her own experience as a student helped me to understand that I think part of what I am struggling with is the fact that I’ve never had many instructors who are like myself. To start with the most obvious difference between myself and my instructors, as an undergraduate, I only had a single engineering course taught by a woman. Most of my professors were confident and loud, and frankly, far too often didn’t seem to care much about teaching. Maybe it’s starting to sound like a good thing that I can’t relate to these qualities. Hopefully I haven’t overgeneralized too much here. I had a few awesome teachers, but unfortunately more often than not, these negative characteristics seemed to be the rule rather than the exception.
As Deel suggests, there are many ways to be a good teacher and overlooked characteristics may actually be key aspects to learning to teach in our own voice.
In my personal experience, undergraduate engineering at the institution where I earned my Bachelor’s was presented to the students to fulfill one key purpose: money. On one of the first days of my undergraduate studies, my Intro to Engineering professor said to us: “There is only one reason to pursue a career in Engineering: money. If you’re here for any reason other than to put some porkchops in the freezer, then you’re lying to yourself.” He asked students who disagreed to tell him why they thought they were in engineering and several of us said things like “I want to help people, I want to make a difference,” but each supposedly naive response was met with laughter, and frankly, a little mockery. This experience was so bizarre and to this day, I am so puzzled about what has happened in this man’s career that makes him think it was appropriate or productive or accurate to tell young, eager engineering students this. Fortunately, he was the only person I encountered in my studies who made such proclamations with such careless abandon, but the idea that money was our key driver in studying engineering was constantly present.
I found this lurking idea to be extremely damaging. It’s a large part of the reason I considered dropping out of engineering on several occasions: I wasn’t convinced I was doing something meaningful with my studies. How am I supposed to stay motivated for 4+ years of education, not to mention the rest of my life, simply for a nice paycheck? Sure, that paycheck can be a great motivator, but can’t I do something meaningful too? I think this idea that money is king led to a really poor quality of engagement on the part of myself and my peers in many of my classes. Who cares if you understand or care about the material as long as you learn just enough to get that degree and pass those liscensure tests?
This need for purpose is really well illustrated in Dan Pink’s video RSA Animate – Drive: The surprising truth about what motivates us. Purpose is so important for meaningful learning and career satisfaction. He talks about how there are 3 key things that govern our motivation: autonomy, mastery, and purpose. He talks about how it can be beneficial for companies to have some sort of “transcendent purpose” for a number of reasons: it makes coming to work more enjoyable, it can prevent ethical issues from occurring, encourage better service and product development and so on. This makes a lot of sense in the context of education as well and I think in particular is a key part of STEM education that is often lacking.
After reading Ellen Langer’s Mindful Learning, one point in particular really stood as as being fundamental to my educational experiences, especially in engineering courses. The article calls out several myths about learning, the first of which is that “the basics should be learned so well that they become second nature.”
Undergraduate engineering courses tend to be packed to the brim with memorizing equations, practicing over and over how to approach problem sets, and the like. I’ve always believed that this was the only way to approach engineering education, but as I look back, it’s clear that a lot of this memorization didn’t make a very meaningful impact on me, given the amount that I’ve forgotten after only 2 years after undergrad. This focus on memorization is a hard mold to break, as I think it is valued in industry, even if not practiced. One time at a job interview for an internship, I was asked to recite a series of equations that are fundamental to civil engineering. Fortunately I knew the equations at the time, but I’m sure I couldn’t recite them today.
The article suggests that the alternative may be to present learning opportunities as situations where students have options about how they choose to apply knowledge and approach problems “mindfully”, which in turn has been shown to make students more easily adaptable to change. This approach makes a lot of sense: when I think back to solving problem sets in engineering, I was more likely to memorize an approach for solving problems rather than actually learn how to reason through a problem and mindfully reach a solution. Hopefully such mindful learning is a life-long skill rather than something to be memorized for a course and then quickly forgotten.
Connected Learning…. To be honest, I’m a little skeptical. When I think about the classes I’ve had so far that included a connected learning model, they haven’t been great experiences. I’ve had required blogs for three courses and I would say at most one of those course blogs that I’ve written contains material of substance while the other two were simply meeting a requirement. I never felt engaged by the material in these classes and the required blogs each week just diluted the experience that much more. To me, connected learning has been… overwhelming. When you have X students required to write X blogs each week and make X comments as well as X posts on the class facebook page and X tweets and X comments on the Scholar chat room and so on, I’m afraid more often than not, you just get noise. How can we be more engaged in a connected learning environment without this overwhelming noise? How can we enrich the experiences of ourselves and our students without the inevitable mindless comments: “John has a good point” and “This is a great article” and the like? I hope we are able to answer these questions as part of GEDI this semester.
I’m particularly interested in how we can incorporate the Connected Learning model into STEM education. Using social media as a means of communicating scientific results and sharing knowledge can certainly be effective and engaging, but how can we incorporate this into the classroom in a meaningful way?
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