Research Integrity And Misconduct

Interestingly, perhaps, one of the most important findings from the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) scholarly integrity website seems to be its research compliance through its oversight review. Including a page that contains cases in which administrative actions were imposed due to findings of research misconduct. However, it does not include the names of individuals whose administrative actions periods have expired.

I looked at the case summary for Brandi M. Baughman, Ph.D., National Institutes of Health (NIH). Dr. Baughman admitted engaging in research misconduct in research supported by National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

ORI analysis found that Dr. Baughman falsified and/or fabricated data and text published in PLoS One 2016, by claiming that a screening strategy of the kinase focused libraries, was performed when original data do not exist to support the claims. As a result, the National Institute of Health (NIH) recommended that the PLoS One 2016 paper be retracted.

Dr. Baughman entered into a Voluntary Settlement Agreement with ORI as follows:

(1) to have her research supervised for a period of three (3) years beginning on May 17, 2017;  She agreed that she will not participate in any PHS-supported research until a plan for supervision is submitted to and approved by ORI;

(2) that for a period of 3 years beginning on May 17, 2017, any institution employing her shall submit, a certification to ORI that the data provided by Dr. Baughman are based on actual experiments or are otherwise legitimately derived and that the data, procedures, and methodology are accurately reported in the application, report, manuscript, or abstract;

(3) to exclude herself from serving in any advisory capacity to PHS including, but not limited to, service on any PHS advisory committee, board, and/or peer review committee, or as a consultant for a period of three (3) years, beginning on May 17, 2017; and

(4) to the retraction or correction of PLoS One 11(10):e0164378d, 2016 (PMID: 27736936).