Is this going to be on the test? That is just one of the few questions that students care about in a classroom. Assessing how students are comprehending course material has become the most important part of education; rather then intentional learning. I believe that Lombardi and Kohn make good points about assessment being more than grades. Too often are concerned with their letter grade rather than what they are learning. I do not think that letter grades should go away, but how we evaluate students should be altered. Lombardi and Kohn both give examples of how authentic learning can take place. Additionally, Lombardi highlights the difference between traditional and authentic assessment.
By practicing authentic assessment, students can be assessed in a variety of moments and ways rather then by one culminating test or exam. Portfolios are a good example of how this can be achieved. Speaking as someone who has to complete an e-portfolio to meet my graduate capstone requirement, I believe that this method captures what and how I have learned. If my program required a thesis, I do not think it would be an accurate depiction of my learning or that I have completed the learning objectives and there outcomes. Examples like portfolios allows students to take ownership of their learning and use their experiences to prove how they have learned. I do not have an answer for how this should be addressed in the K-12 systems, but it is worthy to consider in how the United States can adapt learning and education.