The aftermath of the agricultural revolution meant there was a focus on trade and market of cash crops around the world. Nations with a high export on products such as tobacco, hemp, cotton often were the world leaders. Cotton was a powerhouse in the global trading system in the 18th and 19th Century. With Great Britain controlling the globe at this point, they had one of the highest imports of cotton. In 1700 1,395,751 pounds of cotton were imported to Britain. This was a definitely a substantial amount compared to the rest of the world, however going forward to 1860 there was an outstanding 1,390,939,000 pounds. This is a 99,655% increase.
Compared to the population, of the two different time periods in which in 1700 the population (according to a quick google search) was 8.2 million and in 1841 was about 16 million. This being only about a 100% increase over around the same amount of time. I also think it’s interesting to look at the depictions of where in history the nation was.
Britain in the 1800s started to lead the industrial revolution and produced a lot of products. They had limited resources within the borders of their country so they ended up heavily importing materials so that they can produce at the same rate of the now flourishing New York.
YouTube as it has practically infinite content, has many videos about the cotton trade. John Green talks about the slave trade which was heavily influenced by the exportation of cotton, which is interesting.