Kessler “Cotton”

The aftermath of the agricultural revolution meant there was a focus on trade and market of cash crops around the world. Nations with a high export on products such as tobacco, hemp,  cotton often were the world leaders. Cotton was a powerhouse in the global trading system in the 18th and 19th Century. With Great Britain controlling the globe at this point, they had one of the highest imports of cotton. In 1700 1,395,751 pounds of cotton were imported to Britain. This was a definitely a substantial amount compared to the rest of the world, however going forward to 1860 there was an outstanding 1,390,939,000 pounds. This is a 99,655% increase.


Compared to the population, of the two different time periods in which in 1700 the population (according to a quick google search) was 8.2 million and in 1841 was about 16 million. This being only about a 100% increase over around the same amount of time.  I also think it’s interesting to look at the depictions of where in history the nation was.

London 1700



London 1860

Britain in the 1800s started to lead the industrial revolution and produced a lot of products. They had limited resources within the borders of their country so they ended up heavily importing materials so that they can produce at the same rate of the now flourishing New York.


YouTube as it has practically infinite content, has many videos about the cotton trade. John Green talks about the slave trade which was heavily influenced by the exportation of cotton, which is interesting.



Kessler “McCellan – Industrial Revolution”

Society was evolving and changing at a rate that hadn’t been seen for thousands of years. It started with a group of hunters and gatherers wanting to find a better way to survive. Shortly came settlements which then lead to the agriculture based and trade based world that became the dominant system. With the Industrial revolution came new ideologies of what should be the primary goal of civilization. It was no longer a goal to survive, but instead to produce and to be efficient. Other changes included passing many laws and acts or ignoring many negative parts of the  that all in favor of production. For example, The parliamentary act of 1799 allowed unions to exist however severely restricted any actions they could have done to better the workplace, even punishing attempts to bring better conditions to the workplace. Figure 1 below depicts an image of child labor in factories during this time period in the Industrial revolution .

Figure 1

The Triangle Shirtwaist factory, while much later, had very similar conditions to these factories that existed in the late 1700s. To get a good understanding of these conditions it helps to see pictures and videos about them. HBO has a documentary called “Triangle Remembering the Fire” which delivers stories about those hurt in the fire as well as depictions on what damage the protection of the big business did to the working class.

However with these negative conditions came a workforce that was very productive. Due to the influence of increasing amounts of trade at this time, projects such as railroad systems and canals were developed. This would allow factories to quickly get needed supplies across the country at much faster rate. As well as upgrading current transportation increasing the capabilities of locomotives and steam engines.