Interdisciplinary studies refer to the process of addressing a topic that can’t be analyzed by a single discipline. In an informal sense, observers either integrate information from their environment to interpret phenomena and make cognitive decisions or concentrate on one specialized discipline. This is sort of interdisciplinary analysis to get pieces of data and find a logical relationship. In fact, this is what discipline-based systems are trying to reach. So, it is not only developing rules, methods and technologies to get a deeper knowledge but also processing the knowledge with a comprehensive insight into the components.
In interdesciplinary science, all the elements are integrated and contrasted within the disciplines to gain an intellectual perspective and an interactive theme between and among disciplines. One definition for Interdisciplinarity is “the interaction among two or more different disciplines. This interaction may range from simple communication of ideas to the mutual integration of organizing concept, methodology, procedures, epistemology, terminology, data and organization of research and education in a fairly large field”. Like any other discipline, interdisciplinary programs should be adapted over time to address priorities of educators and dynamic changes in educational institutes. Different factors can contribute to the field such as the ability to take a perspective, develop structural knowledge and cope with conflicting insight of different disciplines. The challenge is that interdisciplinary study is not bounded and includes various factors that fluctuate from time to time due to its nature.
Reference: Issues in Integrative Studies, No. 21: 170- 203, 2003.