Information technology in higher education is a tool which help educational systems transform to address current problems and challenges of the future. There are still institutions that haven’t confronted to the challenges of the 21st century. Introductory courses in large classrooms are taught and traditional teaching strategies are employed while there is a need for structural changes in higher education systems. In this regard, the role of information technology is to drive and enable such changes. The problem is not about evolutionary technology but to improve entities as major concerns in transformational technology. It means potentials inherent with a higher education system should be amplified and mechanisms and resources should be adapted to the principles and diversity of the system. Hence, policy and practices are cast in different divisions, to mention:
- Guidance and pedagogy
- Paths and swirl
- Borders and treaties
- Inputs and outputs
- Division of responsibility
- Privacy and analytics
- Complexity and permanence
Information technology should bring the capacity to confront the institutional goals with the inquiries. It makes experiential learning more feasible implementing technologies that are consistent with the principles and guidelines. In my opinion, technology should be as a common component in pedagogical schemes and nurture diverse learning styles. It should be implemented as an inherent element to the instructional policies and redeem the contemporary pedagogical approaches.
In this era, mission statement of educational institutions is to prepare diverse learners for the global community. This goal is set through different programs to enhance inter-disciplinarily and cross-disciplinarily aspects and help learners come up with the demands of the 21st century. This is a steady movement to alleviate the path and challenge learners with technology transform as an inevitable element to foster information effectively.
The conventions are designed to provide opportunities such as distant learning, studying abroad, technology transforms such as webinars, conference calls and access to electronic resources. In this regard, another issue of concern is digital right management (DRM). Electronic materials require to be maintained in an organized way so it can be accessed or updated at any time. Efficient archives are needed to manage information processing and facilitate learners with easy access to archival data including library resources, course contents and educational guidelines. These resources should be categorized so that students are enabled to access information in an efficient way. This will bring an analytic empowerment to the students to monitor their progress in different programs.
Effective progress is mediated through administrating technology effectively within the policies and practices, identifying the structures, goals and visions to be prepared for the technological demands of the evolving educational systems.