The Russian Revolution of 1905 was comprised of many groups of people working together with different end goals, like peasants, workers, and intelligentsia. Most of these factions had one thing in common—they were exhausted by the tyrannical tsarist regime. Prior to 1906, Russian rulers would not do so much as recognize a body of law that could not be overturned by their will and their will alone. This was simply unacceptable in the minds of the revolutionaries who fought against it. One of these groups, the Peasant Union, was formed in July with explicit agrarian objectives: to transfer the gentry land to those who cultivated it, to do away with redemption fees and rental payments that many peasants had already overdrawn on, an increase of wages of agricultural workers, and nationalization of all land. According to many peasants, the land belonged to God, not to any particular person, and therefore it enriched the entire country.
In 1905, national political unrest was rampant. To start, the Russian troops were away fighting in the Russo-Japanese war. Another trigger in the fall, September in particular, was the end of the peasant harvest season. The October Manifesto also set off many peasants soon after. This manifesto granted all Russian subjects civil and political rights. However, many peasants took this one step further and thought it meant that they could take control of gentry land, therefore numerous lootings, gentry land-seizures, and destruction of gentry property took place that fall, from September through November. This movement represented the first time the peasant masses (rural farm-workers, mostly) were able to band together collectively to create social change. As a result of the Revolution, many of the objectives the Peasant Union had been fighting for were granted: overdrawn redemption payments were cancelled; rental fees for land were lowered; and in many cases, wages were raised slightly.
In addition to the Revolution, the 1905 creation of the Peasant Union itself meant a great deal for the peasant class in Russia. Through (sometimes) disciplined efforts and organization, the class was able to band together to achieve some of its original goals. In addition to this, they were able to work together with other classes and fight for their rights as Russian subjects.
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Seregny, Scott. Slavic Review. Vol. 47, No. 1 (Spring, 1988), pp. 51-67. Published by: Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2498838
Image from: http://www.allrussias.com/images/1905_peasants.jpg