“Revised Short Research Paper”

The Groma by David Barney

Roman empire commonly used the Groma as a device to survey land for development. The origin of the device predates the Roman empire. Roman architect Vitruvius described the Groma as coming from the ancients. The device served many needs for military, agricultural, and civic needs. The Groma assisted the military in the construction of fortifications. …

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The Groma by David Barney

Roman empire commonly used the Groma as a device to survey land for development. The origin of the device predates the Roman empire. Roman architect Vitruvius described the Groma as coming from the ancients. The device served many needs for military, agricultural, and civic needs. The Groma assisted the military in the construction of fortifications.…

To Infinity and Beyond – A History of technology which enabled us to look beyond the skies (Revised Edition)

Telescope is a simple device which makes far away things appear closer. It gives the observers a new perspective about the universe by enabling them to look deep into the skies and unveil the secrets of the cosmos. Through this device, Galileo argued that Ptolemy’s geocentric model for the universe was wrong and that Copernicus …

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Revised Paper : Mongolians and the Saddle: A Nation Built on Horseback

Historians consider the Mongols one of the most horse-dependent societies in history. Their widespread use of the horse has been largely credited to the saddle, which went through many stages and developments to become a powerful tool. The earliest saddles emerged in nomadic cultures in Central Asia, estimated between 500 and 300 BCE, and consisted …

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Revised Research Paper: Horseshoes

Beginning centuries ago, the use of horses made many aspects of society more efficient, especially agriculture.  The horseshoe as a new piece of technology resulted in the increase in food production.  Starting as a simple cloth boot, the horseshoe developed over time as the use of horses became more advanced.  The horseshoe proves its importance …

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Mary Irwin, Revised Research Paper on “The Plague Doctor Costume”

Starting in the fourteenth century, Europe weathered an onslaught of infectious diseases, commonly known as the Black Plague. At the time, the prevailing theory of disease transmission was miasma theory, which explained that poisonous vapors or “bad air” caused illness (T., 1965). As such, doctors who cared for victims of the plague, or plague doctors,…

Revised Short Research Paper – Greek Fire: A Dangerous Weapon and Mysterious Secret

Ancient technologies rarely avoid complete dissections and explanations by modern historians or scientists; however, Greek fire continues to baffle today’s great minds despite its impacts on Greek warfare. The mystery lives due to the jealous attempt by the Byzantine empire to keep the weapon from opposing militaries (Heydt 46). Historians credit a Byzantine Greek architect …

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