Before the Bills of Enclosure were passed by Parliament, agriculture in England existed in an “openfield system.” Under this system, even the poorest individuals were invested in the land that they worked. Farmers acquired small plots of land by purchase, by marriage, or by inheritance: though, everyone was permitted equal access to the common land, … Continue reading Changes in English Agriculture
It is very interesting to think of the ideology of society at the time surrounding the industrial revolution as shifting from survival to efficiency, and the consequences that that would bring. Thank you for sharing!
Hey, Lauren! This is a great paper, thank you for sharing! While I was reading I was wondering why exactly hoof protection became a necessity for domestic horses, when wild horses seem to get on just fine with their natural hooves. So I did a bit of research and the answer is actually quite interesting! Wild horses travel up to fifty miles daily for food, which causes their hooves to be worn into a thicker and harder state in dry climates (almost like how humans develop calluses). Since domesticated horses do not travel nearly as far and since they may be relocated to wet climates, their hooves often do not undergo natural hardening, making them vulnerable to damage under laborious conditions. So horseshoes really do draw a pretty direct comparison to actual shoes in protecting horses’ feet from damage and soreness!
Hi, Kailey! Thank you for sharing your revised research paper. The Mongols have always been one of my favorite subjects of study in history. Approaching their history from the perspective of a single piece of technology is a new and interesting approac…
In his article “Pottery in Antiquity,” Cristian Violatti examines why pottery was so widespread among different cultures, the techniques used to create early pottery, and what the complexity of those techniques suggests for societies at the time. Pottery was not invented at one location and then spread to other cultures; rather, it was discovered by … Continue reading Pottery in Antiquity
In the excerpt on printing from D.S.L. Cardwell’s “Turning Points in Western Technology: A Study of Technology, Science and History,” Cardwell describes how the process of publishing books was revolutionized by the printing press. Before the idea for a printing press could come about, two very important technologies had to be invented: namely paper and … Continue reading Cardwell “Printing Press”
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