Comment on Summary of the Chapter “The Emergence of Big Business” in Mansel Blackford’s Business Enterprise in American History by pyinsong

you made very good stigmatization of the article. And I would say Blackford’s article makes a lot of sense for me. The benefit brought by a well-developed railroad system is countless. In my home we have an old saying that “to be wealthy, to build roads first.” The railroad is something that connect almost everything together. Especially bake in 19th century, the importance of railroad is self-evident.

Comment on History of Science and Technology in China by pyinsong

I really like the point you mentioned in the article that “During this time political institutions were set up to encourage free thought and led to innovations and creativity”. I would like to discuss something about it.
As we know there were more then 10 dynasties in ancient China. One thing interesting enough is that at the beginning of each dynasty, or to say under the rule of the first emperor, the politics is somewhat “democrat”. This is because the first emperor who took control of the country knew very clearly how the last dynasty came to the end. So what he would do is encouraging agriculture, restoring the impaired regions due to the war , and reduce tax greatly. So during this time people have stable life, or to say there was enough food, and than they would have to do something about the technology.

Comment on Technology in Early China by pyinsong

I don’t think that pizza originated from China? But you are on a point: people from southern China, me for example, prefer to have rice to eat every meal. And I just don’t get why people in the north like eating wheat product such as noodles.
And I would say the old dynasty in China did’t think highly of the technology. The emperor usually use them as celebrations. For example, gun powders is only use for fire work. And there is a very popular theory that gun powder were invented by accident, because the emperor was seeking immortal. So people was trying to make some kinds of such medicines, and gun powder was a by-product under such a demand.

Comment on Ancient Chinese Seismometers by pyinsong

First I am amazed that you picked up such a topic, and I happened to have written an essay about this device, too.
Another thing I want to point out is that this device, or we can call it earth predictor, is receiving controversies recently in China, and many scholars have suggested to remove all the contents related to it from all textbooks.
The most important point for such a controversy is that we don’t know how does it look like. We have books recording how it functions but we don’t have any picture about it. Yes you can say all the pictures we can find online are some creation of the modern generation. They argued that since we don’t even know its shape, color and size, it is not appropriate to have too many discussions on it. In a word, stop misleading people.
Yet, it makes very surprised that you found such a topic that even some Chinese students would have done so.

Comment on Stearns – Population Growth. by pyinsong

I think you made great point on the population growth, which is precise and concise.
When I learned this history back in high school, my teach, at least from most Chinese historians’ perspective, would focus on how population affected the Industrial Revolution. So the point is as the population grows, there are more free labor forces, creating more man powers for factories. But just as Stearn addressed in the article, there are other outcomes brought by the population explosion. In a word I think this is a good article and you have made good point on it.

background to industrial revolution in England

Around 17th and 18th centuries, the Europe underwent a series of changes, which eventually changed the entire society. One thing that must mention is the enclosure movement took place in England. The enclosure movement started from an early time around 13th century but only reached its peak at around 18th and 19th centuries, when the …

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