The “Success” of Medieval Technology

White, “Medieval Uses of Air” The article starts off by making a comparison and also looks at the contrast between science and technology. Science can be defined as the effort to study nature, and technology is the attempt to harness nature for human purposes. It was understood that there were four physical forces: earth, wind, …

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The Alphabet

Geselowitz, “The Alphabet” Cuneiform Around the 3rd millennium BCE, a writing system, called cuneiform, developed in the Near East.  It is written by etching symbols into clay tablets with reed styluses (almost like writing with pen and paper). Cuneiform was a combination of symbols that represents things, and marks that indicated syllables. Some of the …

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