Monthly Archives: October 2018

background to industrial revolution in England

Around 17th and 18th centuries, the Europe underwent a series of changes, which eventually changed the entire society. One thing that must mention is the enclosure movement took place in England. The enclosure movement started from an early time around 13th century but only reached its peak at around 18th and 19th centuries, when the …

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Galileo and Perspective on Machines

  Galileo is considered the ‘father of the scientific method’ and the ‘father of modern science’, among other titles complimentary of his impact on our current perspective of the natural world. In this article, Caldwell delves into Galileo’s influence on people’s view of machines and power. Before Galileo, machines were considered only in terms of …

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Stearns – Population Growth.

In the guided reading by Peter N. Stearns, titled “Population growth”; Stearns talks about why he believes that the great expansion of population was a “disruptive force” in Europe during the 18th century.  But, before we explain how it was a “disruptive force”, lets examine what caused this massive growth. The causes of the massive …

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Comment on E. R. Chamberlin: Changes in English Agriculture by vincesdg

Well done summarizing the article here. Something that I caught in the article was about the common man being able to raise maybe one cow and a few pigs while he owned a little slice of land. Once switched to the Enclosure system, they couldn’t do that anymore. In the second link
one of the disadvantages even mentions how farmers who had animals on common land, got evicted when the Enclosure system kicked in; only if they owned no land however.

Stearns: “Population Growth”

Kayla Hinds Peter Stearns, in his article, “Population Growth” analyzes the boom of Europe’s population during the 18th century. Stearns remarked that this growth was “the most important disruptive force in the 18th century”, given that it forced all social classes to ditch old traditions and modernize their methods for survival. There were, of course,…

E. R. Chamberlin: Changes in English Agriculture

Agricultural efficiency has been continuously improving since the very beginning of food production.  In the 1700’s, land enclosure was a major factor in this increase in efficiency.  In his article Changes in English Agriculture, Chamberlin addresses the part that English government played in regulating the enclosure of land.  Because of the government’s role in land …

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Medieval Uses of Air: Lynn White, Jr. By David Barney

Prior to the 19th century, technology and science for the most part was independent of each other. This implied that scientific understanding did not always, and often did not, precede related technological developments. This was true for technology that put air to work. Medieval technology that utilized air was often simple enough to not require …

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Comment on Cardwell, “Galileo” (Father of the Scientific Method) by jwill0620

This is an excellent post bout Galileo’s contributions to science. I feel enlightened because previously I knew nothing about Galileo beyond his research with observational astronomy. Galileo’s law of inertia is a concept that will continue to be used for centuries even as science and technology continues to evolve. The gif is very helpful for those who do not understand the idea with words alone. Galileo was truly an extraordinary man worthy of the title “father of modern physics”.

Father of Fortress: Falkner

The article of “The Father of Fortress” by Falkner looks at Sébastien Le Prestre or Vauban as everyone calls him by,  and his efforts/contributions to fortress technology and how it affected the country of France. Sébastien Le Prestre was considered to be France’s master engineer in the 17th century and designed over a hundred fortress for …

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