The role of humor in higher education

http://www.insidehighered.com/advice/2012/12/07/role-humor-campus-work-place-essay#.UMIF2tViUNk.twitter

I have just seen this post on Inside Higher Ed website, so I thought it will be a nice note to end the semester with a smile. Or at least a reflection upon it, and a smile already ready for the start of the next semester.

I personally cannot imagine lecturing without an occasional humorous comment.  We all deal with frequently difficult and serious academic topics. But I don’t see the reason why we shouldn’t smile from to time while discussing them. And after all, the psychological benefits of smiling are probably far greater than any potential undermining of the learning topic. Of course, there are always exceptions and situations when teacher needs to be firm and reserved, but in general, I would always recommend smiling over all the other facial expressions.

 

What Americans Keep Ignoring About Finland’s School Success

http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/12/what-americans-keep-ignoring-about-finlands-school-success/250564/

Reading this article, several points crossed my mind.

First, it was more evident that an education system of a country cannot be observed outside of its social, political, and economical context.

Second point relates to “alternative learning” that necessary bases on the social investment that a learner needs to have a priori to motivation/capability for present learning.

Third, the property tax funding of public schools is first thing in desperate need for a change.

The way I see it, I would change current US educational vision from “No child left behind” into “Every child given a chance” – I just feel that the idea of equality should not be misused as it is becoming with this first principle. Having all the kids knowing all the same things is resulting in loosing the biggest quality human race has – diversity. This can only be achieved through customized education. No matter if you are a type of the person that likes to sits down and listen to someone lecture or if you are someone who performs well reading in advance and then discussing details with a professor – both will receive the right environment for developing your natural or desired skills.

 

A case for coordinating K-12 and high ed reform – engineering education perspective

My comic interpretation of the resulting crisis in higher education is that there is not enough engineers among education administrators to solve problems.

The recent study conducted by Intel Corp. whose results were published December 2011 focused on the teen’s perceptions of engineering as well as motivations and barriers for pursuing or not pursuing a career in engineering (the full document on the study can be downloaded here). This study was conducted among 1,004 teens (aged 13-18) with computer access. Some of the key findings of this study were:

  • Teens have generally positive opinions of engineers and engineering.
  • Consideration of career in engineering is low due to the lack of familiarity with engineering as well as perceived difficulty.
  • Learning more about engineering field plays a major role in choosing a career and this can present a significant barrier.
  • Exposure to any kind of engineering dramatically increase the number of teens that would consider career in engineering.
  • Financial benefits, interest, gratification are key areas that can drive the consideration of engineering as a career.

Other interesting findings are:

  • Engineers are considered as smart for those that are not considering engineering.
  • Engineering as a career is difficult and even boring for those that are not considering it – more of gratifying and collaborative for those that are considering it.
  • People who choose engineering think it will be interesting and can have positive impact on society but also highly paid.
  • Teens are more familiar with doctors, police officers, lawyers, and professional athletes then with engineers.
  • Currently, around one-third of teens cannot name any potential job opportunities in engineering fields.
  • Fifty-three percent of teens in the study said they were more likely to consider an engineering career after they learned that engineers help make music, Facebook, and video games.
  • Majority of girls think that engineering is difficult first and foremost and they are harder to convince to consider engineering.
  • While all the teens found computer and software engineering to be the most fascinating area of study, the study showed that only girls were more likely to be interested in architectural engineering.
  • Research shows the majority of students who focus on science, technology, engineering and math in high school, follow the path in college.

The findings of this study, although not based on a large statistical sample, are casting an interesting light on the issues of the input to engineering education. Fear of the unknown and long list of misconceptions (e.g., engineers need to be excellent math and science) related to engineering rise two very important questions:

  • Is the current system structure “weeding out” the real non-engineers by limiting their access to engineering education?
  • Is the system properly using the potential to develop skills required for modern engineers early in the education?

From this perspective, the two main points for educating teenagers in addressing the lack of familiarity and early development of some engineering skills are:

  1. Educating what engineers do
  2. Educating how engineers do

Educating what engineers do

Information on the types of work engineers and their experiences could break the preformed misconceptions among teenagers. Considering that the target population is between 13 and 18 years old, the information could be distributed through shows/educational material on television, video games, or comics. Potentially, this education can focus on following topics:

  • Engineers transform ideas into reality.
  • Engineers have high positive impact on the society.
  • It is rewarding to be an engineer, not just merely difficult.
  • Engineering is a multifaceted field with many intriguing areas of specialization and job opportunities.
  • Engineers are inventive and cool.

Educating how engineers do

Introducing Fundamentals of (Practical) Engineering in the period between middle school and high school has the potential to introduce teenagers with some basic concepts in engineering thinking. Just as the k-12 education has science and art classes, it would be natural to have basic engineering classes, while the consolidation of concepts would be accomplished later during the undergraduate education. Early hands-on experience with engineering problems and design can have the potential to introduce the teenagers to the concepts of: synthesis, ordering information in importance, identifying, organizing, and modifying critical relations and elements, facing unstructured problems, elaboration, generating missing information, comparing alternative outcomes, validation, group work, performance monitoring, engineering ethics, etc. All these elements are frequently required by engineering students from the start of their undergraduate education, but could start to develop earlier in the children’s education. In addition to this, increase in number of engineers in the k-12 curriculum design, administration, and teaching could strengthen the educational foundations obtained in k-12 and relate it to actual requirements for engineers. This would consequently include attract a wider range of diverse thinking teenagers – especially since spatial, naturalistic, kinesthetic, and visual thinking might be more important than logical cognition for some engineering disciplines.

Conclusive thoughts

Informing students about engineering careers and introducing engineering state of mind during k-12 education has a potential to make students reflect more and make informed decisions on their careers early on. My conclusion is that this is just emphasizing the case for necessary coordination between k-12 and higher ed reform, if the desired effects are to be achieved.

 

 

Some reflections on crisis of higher education

The following video presents some points made by a young gentleman from the Great Britain. The personal perspective presented in this video rises some interesting points. As most of the speeches about crisis in higher education (similar to the ones from TED), this one develops an argument by referring the audience towards introspective. The main argument is that the current educational system does not produce educated and fulfilled people but just delivers degrees at the end of a period. The argument that this is not available in the current educational framework is correct. And this is a good starting point for further discussion on the current crisis of higher education.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y_ZmM7zPLyI

How to blow the whistle and still have a career afterwards?

After the recent discussions on ethics in higher education, I have come across an interesting paper under the title “How to blow the whistle and still have a career afterwards.” A paper has been written by an Associate Provost and presents some practical rules of conduct and step-by-step procedures during the whistle-blowing process in higher education. Considering that there is a certain probability that we as future faculty might end up in a situation that requires whistle-blowing, we all should be aware that the process itself is far more complex and requires several steps. After all, initiating the whistle-blowing process is not ultimately about raising the concerns but about finding solutions for noted problem. A full reference of the paper is: Gunsalus, C., How to blow the whistle and still have a career afterwards. Science and Engineering Ethics, 1998. 4(1): p. 51-64.

How great leaders inspire action

Looking through the material for the coming lecture on communicating science, I noticed a similar approach with one of the TED talks I have watched before. The talk was given by Simon Sinek, and it was called “How great leaders inspire action.” As you may see in the video, similar to the material from Center for Communicating Science, in order to convey a powerful message to a large audience, a person needs to start with the question Why? – why is something important for that specific audience and how the work he/she is doing is related to those “ordinary” people.

http://www.ted.com/talks/simon_sinek_how_great_leaders_inspire_action.html

10 Education Lessons the U.S. Can Learn From Other Countries

In my opinion, it would be inappropriate to conduct any large scale change in higher education without analyzing and changing K-12. We have all heard stories how the U.S. is falling behind in worldwide K-12 ranking. The following gallery presents some positive lessons from countries around the world that should be taken into consideration. Personally, I liked the early foreign language education from South Korea and more preparation time from Finland.

http://www.takepart.com/photos/america-gets-schooled-top-10-lessons-us-learn-other-countries

 

 

Diversity – check!

I would like to recommend a documentary to watch. The documentary is called “Indoctrinate U” and it touching upon the theme of diversity in the modern university. The documentary pointed out several interesting points. However, I am going to skip presenting those points, since I would like that everyone concludes their own. Hopefully, we can discuss this in some of our classes. I know that video is an hour and a half long, but stick through it, because this topic is quite important for us a future educators and university administrators.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHyvRHrYYBA

The spirit of openness

I have recently read the following post from a MIT graduate.

http://tech.mit.edu/V132/N35/loveletter.html 

It is interesting how this person describes his personal experience in two top ranked universities – Harvard and MIT. The contrast presented in the author’s post is primarily directed to the spirit of openness and collaboration that MIT has, compared to Harvard. In my previous reflections, before even reading this post, I always had an impression that the greatest universities are those places filled with open-minded people willing to exchange ideas and collaborate. This thought of mine came from the impression that collaboration of two great minds is never 1 + 1 = 2 but it is 1 + 1 = 2 + some delta.

From the other side (of the ocean)

http://www.theatlantic.com/national/archive/2011/12/what-americans-keep-ignoring-about-finlands-school-success/250564/

Here is an interesting article from “The Atlantic” talking about the Finish educational system.

What I have conclude from this article is that an educational system of a  country cannot be observed outside social, political, and economical context. An example is the property tax funding of public schools in the US. The second point I relate to “alternative learning” that necessary bases on the a priori social investment since the learner needs to have the developed motivation/capability for present learning.

Personally, I would change current vision for US education from “No child left behind” into “Every child given a chance” – I just feel that the idea of equality should not be misused. Having all the kids knowing all the same things is resulting in loosing the biggest quality human race has – diversity. I would prefer to see highly customized education. No matter if you are a type of the person that likes to sits down and listen to someone lecture or if you are someone who performs well reading in advance and then discussing details with a professor – both should receive the right environment for developing their natural or desired skills.