The secret dot

So, we are at the end of the semester.  We have discussed many topics related to contemporary pedagogy. We have seen new methods, out-of-the-box ideas in education, and different point of views for some issues.

The question you should ask yourself is, “With all these different ways for every aspect, how can I come up with a good strategy to adopt?”, putting in simpler words “Which dots I have to connect?”. If you have just dots without a plan you will end up having something like this.

hirst_damien_lsd

A punch of beautiful strategies (unnumbered dots) that you don’t know which ones to use and the outcome of connecting those ones.

You need to have something solid to build on. Let me tell you the secret dot that if you started from, you will be able to achieve what you want. The secret dot is the center point that if you started from, you will find your way.

12

The center point is like the secret ingredient of the secret-ingredient soup.

Which is nothing BUT you. You need to believe in what you do. If you are going to be a professor or a teacher, you need first to believe in the message you want to deliver. Starting from this, you can then pick what you feel suitable for your personality and your audience. You may try something that does not work well, so you will pick another dot (another strategy) and try it. As long as you have enthusiasm to do what you do, your audience will get what you want.

Not everyone was bore talented in teaching, so don’t worry about that. But people who seeks to be good teachers will be. Getting feedback from students is very helpful. I know a professor at Virginia Tech  who gives students extra credit for competing an evaluation survey at the end of the semester. This is his own designed survey as he wants always to be better at the classroom. He wants to ensure that everyone gets what he illustrates.

How hard is it for a teacher to admit that he was wrong!

In the readings and the video about Paulo Freire this week, I stopped at his sentence “It is necessary in being a democratic and tolerant teacher to explain and to make clear to the kids that their way of speaking is as beautiful as our way of speaking“. Actually, this is concurrent with one of the controversial topics in social media in the last few days. This post , is about a father who stood up for his daughter who was being made to feel bad because she had a better (or a different) answer than the other kids. The girl got the question “What is the largest number you can represent with 3-digits?” in a standardized test. The intuitive answer is 999, however the girl came up with the answer 9^9^9 (written as superscripts without the power operator). Whatever the answer is correct or wrong it is a big debate and others are getting other formulas with larger values. What concerns me here is that, the teacher and the school’s principal did not show any flexibility with this answer. The teacher claimed that they did not study powers yet!. Which forced the girl’s father to go the long way to get his daughter’s right.

The question here, “Is the teacher’s behavior pedagogical?”. I don’t think so at all. The teacher could be right in some part, but he dealt with the problem in a superficial way. To put together other unprofessional activities from teachers, I suggest reading the post. The post is entitled “Great teachers: perfectly imperfect“.   The post mentioned two situations where teachers caused deep effect to young kids with their way of humiliation. I want to quote the conclusion of this article “The point isn’t that we should hold ourselves to a standard of perfection in our interactions with students. But we should hold ourselves to perfection when it comes to owning our imperfections and their impact on students.

On the other hand, there are brighter sides in this story. Another teacher wrote an article entitled “Five of the biggest mistakes I made as a new teacher“. I think this an important article for new teachers. The article gives five critical mistakes that this teacher committed which are: She took things personally, she avoided dealing with parents, she waited too long before intervening with students, she was afraid of making mistakes, and she were trying to cover everything. From these points, I want to stress that she discovered that it is not the world’s end if she made a mistake.  She was making up answers for the questions she does not know, in order to remain the smartest person in the class.  However, when she let her students see her making mistakes and then admit them and further taking steps to correct them, this made it okay for students to make mistakes too.  The more she took risks in the classroom, the more she made it safe for students to take risks.

Finally, I want to conclude with a story that happened to me in a networking class two years ago. The homework for this course was only short answers. The professor gave us the questions and I made everything correct and I found that I got only  90%. He graded one question as wrong while I felt it is correct. I contacted him and explained my view point, we were to calculate the length of one packet in bytes, (the packet is a combination of ones and zeros). The packet length varies according to the type of the packet. The type mentioned in this problem does not use some of these ones and zeros, so I just ignored them. When I explained this to him, he gave me partial grade. I again felt unfair, I looked in the protocol specification and I found that I was right. I contacted him again with the protocol. He thanked me for this information, informed me that he thought the packet length was fixed whatever the protocol. He gave me full grade and asked me to share this protocol with my class mates. What concerns me here is the instructor was very flexible. He gave me and other students with the different answer, the full grade. I believe that is what Paulo Freire meant in his talk to be a tolerant teacher.

Oh my Jailer, set me free for one day

I don’t know why I wake up after midnight to write this blog post. We are not required to write a blog post soon, and probably no one will check this post. However, our discussion at the end of the lecture make me think about people with disabilities. I wrote my regular blog post this week about some inclusion guidelines that teachers should take care of in their classrooms. I mentioned “gender”, “religion”, and “sexual orientation”. I though that disability is well taken care of by special offices in every university. However, Homero commented that I need to add “disability” to my list and he will talk about this in the lecture.

I was shocked to hear in the lecture that those who are supposed to facilitate everything for disabled people, are those who push them to give up any interest in attending a university. If those put themselves in disabled people shoes, they would not act like this.

I can imagine the disability as a jailer which puts someone in a prison without a real sin. He did not choose to be disabled as everyone will not chose to be. Disability always prevent you from doing something normally, as if you are in a prison. If a disabled person had a wish to come true, he would chose to be set free even for one day. Even a small thing as one day will really differ for him.

When a disabled person decides to attend a university and get a college degree, we should tip our hats to him. He knows it will not be easy and he will probably have a lot of difficulties but he has a strong will to try. So please, every teacher, student, and officer do not make it harder for disabled people. Do not force them to give up. Help them to the extreme. Facilitate every thing for them. Teachers can give special tests to those people to examine them without forcing them to take the regular test that could be impossible for them. Students also can help their disabled colleagues and try to be more social with them in order not to feel loneliness in classrooms. University officers, it is mainly your role to help them, please take care of what you say or do with them, it is very enough what they feel or suffer.

Teaching for Inclusion

I am giving you hand why don’t you accept!
I don’t care about your name, address, color, country, or location
I care for humans including those who are homeless

This was the outro of an Egyptian song entitled “Egyptian Tale”. That’s what I think each teacher should do in his class. The teacher should even stop stereotyping before entering the classroom.  What concerns the teacher is that these are students, every one is here to learn. The teacher should not have any discrimination based on gender, ethnicity, religion, or sexual orientation.

However, with the great diversity in the universities’ community today, it became essential for teachers to learn more about their students’ needs. It is not enough to treat students equally as “Equality is not Equity”. Some students need more from their teachers rather than teaching. To address this problem, I want to mention a great book called “Teaching for Inclusion, Diversity in the College Classroom” written by  the Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The book gives great examples and methodologies to deal with different types of students.

I picked up some of these guidelines which I think are very important, I grouped them by category based on my reading:

Gender:

  • Treat students as individuals, not as representatives of their gender.
  • Avoid sexist language in classroom discussions, lectures, and in written materials that you distribute to the class. (Don’t use only masculine words like he/him).

Religion:

  • Don’t assume that all students are from the major religion in this country.
  • Be tentative to student’s religious holidays and be flexible to accommodate students’ needs about changing or shifting deadlines/exams.
  • If you had to critique a religion or belief in your course just show respect for those who hold these beliefs.

Sexual orientation:

  • Assume that not all students in a class are heterosexual, and react firmly to homophobic remarks made in class.
  • Don’t give assignments that force students to reveal their social life.
  • Change some of your terms to be adequate to all student such as “partner” instead of “boyfriend” or “girl friend”, and use “sexual orientation”  rather than “sexual preferences”.

I did not mention physical disabilities, medical needs, and learning disabilities as I think they are well settled by universities and there are always special people to guide these students and to direct teacher in dealing with every case.

Finally, I think as  a teacher you should be easy accessible to your students. All students should feel you as an easygoing person. You should in the begging of each semester email students to feel free to tell you about any special needs they want, like preferring other names as we discussed in class. I think it also would be great if you held some of your office hours in a public place, like a cafe or restaurant at the lunch time. Students can come and discuss whatever they want with you at this time. Meeting in public helps students to say what they feel inadequate in formal offices.

What to learn from Alan Alda

Imagine that you are a good researcher who just got his PhD and made some highly cited publications. You tell yourself “Okay, I am very ready to get a tenure track position in a reputable university”. You apply for such a position and eventually you get the position. Preparing for the semester, you make brochures for the course you will teach, the class is full and many students still want to register the course, every thing seems to be perfect till now. However, after two lectures, the number of students who attend decreases and by the course drop deadline, you find only one fourth of students who registered the course will continue it.

A nightmare scenario for a new professor. What’s happened I believe I can understand multiples of the information I give in class. I avoided tough topics, why students left my class?! A lot of questions hit your mind, but let conclude all these in just one question:

Is a good researcher a good teacher ?

The answer is not always true. One of the pioneer in noticing this was Alan Alda an actor, director and writer, and a six-time Emmy Award and Golden Globe Award winner.  He has had a lifelong interest in science. In 1990, he began his TV program “Scientific American Frontiers“.  The program continued until 2005 and mainly focused on informing the public about new technologies and discoveries in science and medicine. After interviewing hundreds of scientists, Mr. Alda became convinced that many researchers have wonderful stories to tell, but some need help in telling them.

This gave the idea to Mr. Alda to establish Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science. The center aims to enhance understanding of science by helping train the next generation of scientists and health professionals to communicate more effectively with the public, the media, and others outside their own discipline. The message of Mr. Alda can be concluded in making a good communication with your audience, rehearse on the best way to deliver the same piece of information to different audience. For example, old people, young children, people very far from your field. By doing this, you ensure that you get the simplest way of illustrating something. There is a well known quote that says “If you can’t explain it to a six year old, you don’t understand it yourself.” 

Other advice from Mr. Alda is to be always able to improvise. This comes by a lot of training and practicing. It is not good to memorize every word you will say in your lecture in advance, but you need to arrange your thoughts in a way that makes you cover everything in a timely and effective manner while ensuring that your audience are understanding what you say.

I think this specific way of science communication should be used by professors/ teachers in their classrooms. It is not hard but only requires training and preparation.

The candle problem

In an empty room are a candle, some matches, and a box of thumbtacks. The goal is to have the lit candle about five feet off the ground. You’ve tried melting some of the wax on the bottom of the candle and sticking it to the wall, but that wasn’t effective. How can you get the lit candle to be five feet off the ground without you having to hold it there?

This problem was introduced by Karl Duncker in 1945 as a cognitive performance test, and was used by Daniel T. Willingham in his article “Why Don’t Students Like School? Because the Mind Is Not Designed for Thinking” as an example of how critical thinking is hard. He claimed that the brain is not designed for thinking but designed to save you from having to think, because thinking is slow, effort-full, and uncertain.

In the candle problem, the solution is not tricky (check the solution here). However, if you don’t have enough background from similar problems it might take you a lot of time to come with the solution or you might give up thinking before solving the problem. He said that people mainly rely on memory rather than thinking. Most daily problems are ones we have solved before, so we just do what we’ve successfully done in the past and that’s known as experience. According to him, critical thinking is not a specific skill but it is a process tied to what we already know and stored in our Long-term memory. We relate what is in our Long-term memory to the current working memory to solve the problem.

An important concern he raised about students is that:

Working on problems that are at the right level of difficulty is rewarding, but working on problems that are too easy or too difficult is unpleasant.

If the student routinely gets work that is a bit too difficult, it’s little wonder that he doesn’t care much for school. Teachers should try to understand students’ feelings about problems they face for the first time like the teacher’s feeling when he hear the candle problem for the first time.

Finally, I want to add a conclusion from Jim Askew’s blog “Web-based instruction 4 teachers” the post with the title “Why Critical Thinking is Hard Work!“.

When teachers ask a question, they must WAIT for the answer. Students need time to process information! As students begin to understand, and practice the process, they WILL be able to process faster! 

An idiot who deserved A+

Can a comedy play affect the education in a country? Unfortunately, it already happened. In Egypt, the educational system drastically changed because of “Madrasat Al-Mushaghebeen” (The School of Mischievous) play. The play was released in 1973 and was adopted from the the American movie “To Sir, with Love”. In this play, a group of five rebellious students kept failing and retaking their last year of high school. The students’ constant pranks led all the teachers to a mental breakdown which forced them to quit the school.  The play was first performed on a theater but due to its major success, it was recorded and broadcast on TV . For older people, the play was very funny. However, they did not notice that smaller kids got affected by this play and began mimicking these actions in their classrooms to gain their fellows praise. Alas, today teachers in Egypt are not much respected as in the past. I do not mean they are humiliated in classrooms, but they no more have the previous prestigious look from their students.

I remembered this sad story while I was preparing to write about a movie that discuss a great  educational pedagogy. 3 Idiots is an Indian movie which was released in 2009. In this movie, one of the actors was called “an idiot” by his professors in the university as he did not like the way they were teaching and assessing students. In a famous scene (you can watch by clicking the link), a professor asked him to define “the machine”. He gave a good definition and examples one of which was pants zipper. The professor got angry and asked “Is that what you will write in the exam?!”. The professor asked another student who gave a long definition as memorized from the book. The first student is an example of a creative mind which understands and relates things, and the later is an example of  who studies only for the exam (grade). The movie in other scenes also discussed the teaching philosophy of learning under pressure and learning for exams (grades). Finally, the movie shows what each of these students became in the future. It is needless to say that who was called an idiot became very successful in his life and that he deserved more than A+ in the college.

In his article, “The case Against Grades”, Alfie Kohn discussed the same problem of learning for grades. He mentioned that previous research has discovered that grades tend to reduce the quality of students’ thinking.  Students are less likely to wonder, say, “How can we be sure that’s true?” than to ask “Is this going to be on the test?”. The author gave good solutions for the case of grading and suggested that instead of giving letter or number grades to students, it is better to give them narrative reports about their progress. This could be hard at the begging especially for students and teachers who are used to use grades. However, experiments show that these descriptive reports helped student to learn better and not to feel pressure at all.

He also suggested a good way of giving grades, if the system insists on using them. The teacher could grab each student alone and discuss with him, according to the narrative report, the grade this student think he should get with the final word being for the teacher. This type of self assessment is being  used today in some school as a reference for students before getting their actual grades. Therefore, I think it would not be hard to apply the de-graded system using narrative reports while the self assessment could be used as a transition period.

Thinking about college, I think this type of assessment is not hard to apply at some fields like engineering. Many subjects now do not depend on exams as a source for grading. They depend on projects where students use their creativity to apply what they have learned. However, I think in some other fields this type of assessment might still not be applicable where students have to take exams.

From Nokia’s “Connecting people” to Samsung’s “Inspire the world”

What if Sir Ken Robinson was to give the same talk today, would he still mention Finland as a country on the top of the education system, would he still mention “No Child Left Behind” act as a topic for irony? Two and half years have passed since sir Ken gave his talk and the world did not stand still in these years. With the complete assent to sir Ken’s talk, I want to highlight some changes that have occurred with the focus on some related points.

In the past few years, Samsung has outperformed Nokia especially after adopting Google’s Android operating system. Nokia was famous by its slogan “connecting people” however, Samsung came out by a more rigid slogan “Inspire the world”.  Looking at the fact that Nokia is Finnish and Samsung is South Korean, did South Korea outperformed Nokia in any other field than cell phones ? The answer is yes. According to http://www.mbctimes.com/, the Finland’s education system was on the top rank until 2012. However, today we can see that South Korea has snatched the lead from Finland and became on the top of the rank. With many similarities between the two systems especially in the aspects related to respecting teachers and providing exceptional environment to them, and the most important no school’s dropout.

In South Korea about 93% of all students graduate from high school on time compared to 75% in the united states according to abc news.  The country is now 100 percent literate, and at the forefront of international comparative tests of achievement, including tests of critical thinking and analysis. However, having a system without school dropout and that’s ranked on the top of world’s education systems does not mean that the system is perfect. On the contrary to the Finnish system, I can feel that the South Korean system is not applicable every where. The system is mainly successful because of the nation’s culture which traditionally values conformity, order and hard work.

This success comes at a price according to a TED talk. Students are under enormous pressure to perform. Talent is not a consideration because the culture believes in hard work and diligence above all. Andreas Schleicher said that Koreans believe that they have to get through the really tough school period to have a great future. Classes also are larger with about forty students per class with the teacher’s goal is to lead the class as a community and help develop peer relationships.

So, having two successful but different education systems,  the Finnish and the South Korean, which one is better to adopt? Actually, it depends. Some other countries with similar cultures to South Korea have already applied similar techniques and were able to achieve great success in their education systems, speaking about Japan, Singapore  and Hong Kong. These countries also has outperformed Finland in the rank. However, we can see that this type of education, under pressure, is not suitable to other countries like the United States.

The united states education system has gone up in the rank in the past few years but still not in the lead. It was ranked 17th in 2012 and  moved to the 14th in 2015. With many criticism to the No Child Left Behind act, in December 2015 President Barack Obama signed a legislation replacing it, named Every Student Succeeds Act (EESA). The new law modified parts of the previous law but did not eliminate provisions relating to the periodic standardized tests given to students. However, the law makes significant changes to the role of tests in state education systems. For example, it requires states to include a broader set of factors in school accountability systems rather than just test scores. It is aimed that this new law overcomes the drawbacks of the previous one.

Jedi, year 7, & other drugs.

When I heard the word Gedi /ˈdʒɛd.aɪ/ for the first time, I though directly in Jedi from the Star Wars movie. Then it turned out to be a completely different term which is an abbreviation for “Graduate Education Development Institute”.  Well, does Jedi have anything to do here?, the answer is yes. The Jedi is an individual who uses a special force to fight for peace and justice. The first thing that this individual needs to do is to study the energy of this force. This leads us directly to learning. Specifically, to a type of learning that did not take place in a school.

Learning beyond the school should be seen as normal and essential for every one. A man should keep looking for knowledge all his lifetime and learn from all the situations he faces in his life. Henry Ford said, “Anyone who stops learning is old, whether at twenty or eighty. Anyone who keeps learning stays young.”

Being well-known, what else could be said about this type of learning? Well, this type of learning now affects students in school-age. As information becomes available everywhere today, students tend to learn not only from school but also from every source they could get their hands on. Students in school begin to learn about specific topics according to the curriculum. Topics in the curriculum are selected by some experts to suit students’ age and to include indispensable topics for the kids. However, kids should be encouraged to look at other sources of information especially in the topics they like.

In this context, I want to share my experience with my second grader son who began to get involved with this type of learning in his seventh year. My son studied about planets and space among other topics in science. He became very interested in these topics and began asking a lot of questions. The same happened in some topics in social studies. His teacher at the school told us to get him more books  in the topics he likes. This helped him to get deeper in these topics. I also allowed him to use voice-enabled search engines on my tablet, or phone, to get answers for what he wonders about. To get the point from this, I see that kids should not be limited to what there in school books. We should encourage them to learn more and more about what they like or get interested in. Socrates said, “Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel.”

The next question is, do students need these curricula or they could only learn about what they like? My point of view is that, students still need to learn about essential topics. For example, it is not good to have a scientist who know nothing about the history of his country or about another branch of science. So students need to integrate what they learn in school with their personal interest stimulated by topics studied at school, this type of learning is known as connected learning.

Back to my title, the next half of the title reads “& other drugs”.  Actually, this is a reflection to the movie “Love & other drugs”. In this movie, one company was producing a drug for blood pressure. The drug was not so effective in treating blood pressure but it had other side effects that allowed it to help many men in having successful relations. The company of course developed the drug to serve this, but my point here is they learned from a side, meant to be a bad, effect. This also relates to connected learning, learning from experiences or career relevant sources is a an important aspect of connected learning.

In a nutshell, connected learning is inevitable due to the huge sources of information available these days. It should only be oriented from mentors to the way that helps students.

PFPS15 Journal

Here I write some notes about higher education inspired by taking Preparing Future Professoriate (PFP) course. I tried to use some readings along with lectures’ notes and discussions. I wrote these notes as topics by the sequence they were given in lectures. I indicated beside each topic the lecture number(s) in which this topic was discussed.

Universities History (1)
I learned about the first universities int the world and I was proud to see that Al-Azhar university, in my country Egypt, was one of these universities. I was glad to see the history of universities in United States, as for myself I like to read about history in all its branches. I learned about the land-grant universities and knew that there is also sun-grant, sea-grant, and sea-grant. I linked between land-grant universities and public universities in Egypt as I think most public universities in Egypt are established in a way similar to land-grant universities.

I learned also about other types of universities like research-universities and realized that we have a new research university in Egypt which is Nile-university. There is also, Master’s colleges, historical black universities, tribal colleges, etc. I knew that some of these universities requires special costumes to be worn in the campus and related this to Al-Azhar university which also requires special costumes in some disciplines.

Mission Statement and Some Statistics (2)

This was my first time to get a look at a university mission statement. I believe that it is important to know the statement of the university you are going to attend but unfortunately I did not have a chance to look before. Beside, the mission statement of Virginia Tech, I wrote a Blog about the mission statements of MIT and UCLA as two top-ranked universities in computer Engineering.

*Update: I’m going to attend a summer school this semester in UCLA which gives me a great honor to be there. I was inspired by following UCLA news after I wrote about their mission statement.

As for statistics, I was surprised by the huge number of universities in the united states. I did not think about this before and the number actually exceeded my expectations. As for universities, I knew about University of Phoenix as the largest university with about a quarter-million of undergraduate students. I also learned useful information on how to know approximately the range of salaries according to the university and discipline from the Chronicle of higher education.

Faculty and Administration (3)

I learned about the tenure-track in US universities and how the assistant-professor tries to do his best in research and the number of publications he is expected to make within the five-years period. Also, his evaluation in teaching and dealing with students and other faculty.

It was my first time to know about other faculty potions (non-tenure track) like research faculty. Actually, this system is completely different from that in my country; Egypt; as the tenure-track is given to high-ranked undergraduate-students once they graduate. They are required to get their Masters and Ph.D’s within some period of time, typically around ten years, to become tenure. This process actually weakens the educational system in Egypt as assistant professors are not required to make any research to keep their positions.

For administration-positions, I learned the hierarchy of these positions and how the candidates go through a search process in order to select best persons who can serve in these positions. Again, this completely different from my Country where these positions usually are given according to political views.

Communicating Science (4)

Although this was not a usual lecture, as we took the lecture in a GLC meeting room. The lecture was not a usual one that we stay and take notes or participate in discussion, the lecture was about using communicating science but in a practical way. We all know how to communicate with people in our disciplines using jargon and the same ways of publications, i.e., journals, conferences, posters, etc., but how to communicate with people from other disciplines that was the topic of the lecture.

The principles of communicating science are how the to make the communication more direct, personal, spontaneous and responsive. The first rule I have learned in this class is how to overcome your fears of speaking to others. We played some carefully chosen games with each game was done with different partners in order for us to communicate with the maximum number of students from different disciplines and origins.

This class inspired me first to take the Communicating Science course next semester and also to try being more social in the future.

Ethics of Higher Education (5,6)

I learned about the code of ethics. Before the lecture, I have knew about the Honor code of Virginia Tech through classes I have taken before. However, this was the first time foe me to know that before applying this system, it was up to the instructor to make decisions of cheating students. For my self, I like the code of ethics to be applied in all universities, However it may look harsh, but I think it is more fair that all students get the same punishment for the same action.

In Egypt we let decisions to be in the hand of instructors or even faculty dean. And in this case, it is totally evaluative and the student could not be punished at all while another student could get kicked out of the university fro two years. We had a discussion in class today about what we shall do if we caught someone cheating during an exam. I actually had this situation number of times when I was a lecturer assistant in Egypt. In these situation I took the cheating student to the instructor or proctor and unfortunately, they did not give the same reaction each time. I wish that they apply the honor code system in Egypt with a transition period until the students get familiar with it and learn to apply the rules.

*update: I wrote a Blog about IEEE code of ethics and I was fascinated by how it is organized in ten points and covers the responsibility of its members against many parties and said that I wish to be a member in it. Now, I’m a student member in IEEE, I found that they make huge discounts for students and that’s how I joined.

Plagiarism, Misconduct and ORI (5,6)

I learned today about plagiarism, and how someone could make self-plagiarism without intention. I knew about plagiarism cases such as in articles, teaching philosophy and dissertations. I think the most unnoticed plagiarism comes in dissertations or thesis because the researcher is required to fill a large number of pages which he sometimes tend to copy from or at least doest not rephrase which he have read in other articles or books.

I was sad to know that most plagiarism cases happen in Engineering, where researchers could falsify the results and give biased results to help their ideas. For me, I see no problem in making a research that does not give ideal (or at least good) result, by publishing these results as they are, you are saving others time from trying this research procedure. However, I think this happens as most of the research is funded by industry and people in industry want to see good results!.

I knew today also about the great pretender who falsified all his research results for a long period of time and he actually had a large number of publications which turned into to be fake at last. I wrote a Blog also about one case from Office of Research Integrity (ORI) in which the researcher falsified the input data by assuming that she have a larger sample of inputs that she actually had and provided results based on these falsified data. This was my first time to hear about ORI, but I actually was happy that something like this exists to prevent researchers from fabricating their results.

Global Higher Education(7,8)

I talked today along with my friend about higher education in Egypt. We took much of the lecture talking about higher education in Egypt and how the system actually differs from that in US and other countries. From our discussion and compared to the experience we get from listening to higher education in other countries, we get to know that our educational system in Egypt needs to be developed in a large way.

From my colleagues talking, I liked the education system in Puerto Rico which is similar in many ways to that in US however most of classes are taken at night as the faculty members have jobs in industry at the morning. Also, they do not have the concept of students living in campus as student commute to campus daily like in Egypt. Also the official language in their universities is Spanish not English.

Education system in Columbia is also interesting, they have their GPA from 5 not 4 as the rest of countries. Also the case that all university buildings are monitored by cadets which in someway not comfortable to all students. We have in Egypt police officers and cadets on the campus gates as campuses are fenced in Egypt, but not in every single building.

Unfortunately, I’ll not be able to attend the second lecture on global higher education as I’m in Washington D.C. to finish some papers in my embassy. I wish if I were there to make useful of other countries experience in higher education.

Meet the Dean

Today, I met Dr. Karen DePauw as planned by the “meet the dean” task. I really enjoyed the meeting minutes we have talked together and I felt a great honor to speaking to her. We talked about VT-MENA program and what I plan to do after graduation. I told her that I likes Blacksburg as a small and quite town and knew from her that most land-grant universities have the same experience. I told her that I’ll make my essay about the comparison of higher education between Egypt and US or I may choose another topic after last Monday discussion in the lecture, and she agreed for both. I think I should begin early in writing the essay as there is not much time remaining in the semester.

Everything Is a Remix (9)

We had a discussion today about is everything actually a remix or not. I watched a TED talk before the class k by Kirby Ferguson claiming that everything is actually a remix and nothing more is original. The talk was mainly about Bob Dylan a famous singer and composer who take the most of his songs from previous songs as of lyrics or melody. I read about this topic and found a quote saying “Good Artists Copy; Great Artists Steal”, that’s why these artists became great.

In my opinion, I do not stand in the same side as Kirby Ferguson. I can believe that every small idea in any aspect is an innovation. The person who creates a joke, the writer of good novel or song, the composer of a good melody, the researches which add a small idea to the research, the author of a brilliant tv ad, etc. All these made their minds and got new and creative ideas this could not be a remix. These people may not get to be famous but they really know how to use their minds. If we to believe that everything is a remix, we will get to stop using our minds. I’m sure that we need to see what others made and make use of it adding our ideas to improve it.

Open Access (9)

We also talked today about open access. I was surprised that many other disciplines have open access journals that they can get free access to articles. This is not the case in my discipline as most of the articles are owned by IEEE and ACM which require a subscription to access articles.

*Update: I wrote a Blog about open access in my discipline. I was not able to find an open access journal, so I talked about arXiv.org which is pronounced as archive (the letter X in Spanish in pronounced ch).

Using Technology and The Future of Higher Education (10)

We had a nice talk about the use of Massive Open On-line Courses (MOOCs) in higher education. I actually can see that MOOCs help students to learn on-line without being tied to specific class time and location. I wrote a Blog yesterday about the future of higher education and how universities should balance between on-line courses and traditional courses. I learned also types of MOOCs which are xMOOCs and cMOOCs.

As for the future of higher education, most people in the class see that it will develop but in the similar way it is going now. This means that there will not be a great difference in the near future about the current system. This because higher education usually absorbs new technology and make use of it and so it is always evolving. My opinion about the change was that universities should create new multi-disciplinary programs to make use of many disciplines. I liked dr. DePauw view of I, T, and Pi about the depth and width of how the student should be immersed in some discipline and specific topic during his research.